Characteristics of Asiatic Jasmine Tree (Trachelospermum asiaticum) in the Wild

Trachelospermum asiaticum
Asiatic jasmine or Asian star jasmine (Trachelospermum asiaticum) is a species of flowering plant in the Apocynaceae family native to Asia. Asiatic jasmine is a fast-growing tree, often planted as a hedge and wall plant. The tree can withstand both hot and cold temperatures and can grow in the shade.

Trachelospermum asiaticum was first described by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1846.

The natural landscape of Asiatic jasmine includes China, Japan, Korea, India, Indo-China, and Malaysia. Grows in mountain forests and scrub, often also found attached to large trees.

Asiatic jasmine is very similar to False jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides), but it produces flowers with slightly smaller yellow or cream hearts.

 

Characteristics of Asiatic Jasmine Leaf

Trachelospermum asiaticum Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/zoology123

The leaves are simple, opposite, persistent, petiole 2-10 mm long, with elliptical limbs, narrowly ovate, and webbed. The leaves are glossy green, have a brown-orange tinge, and are reddish during winter.

 

Characteristics of Asiatic Jasmine Flower

Trachelospermum asiaticum Flower
Source: flickr.com/tomokotouzaki

The flowers are white or cream and emit a jasmine scent. The flowering period of Asiatic jasmine occurs from late spring to summer.

 

Characteristics of Asiatic Jasmine Fruit

Trachelospermum asiaticum Fruit
Source: inaturalist.org/keitawatanabe

The fruit consists of two linear follicles, measuring about 10-30 x 0.3-0.5 cm, and the seeds are oval measuring 3.5 cm.

 

Characteristics of Asiatic Jasmine Tree

Trachelospermum asiaticum Tree
Source: flickr.com/Cédric Basset

Asiatic jasmine can grow to 5-6 meters in height in the wild, generally, they are evergreen climbers with glossy, leathery leaves and cream-colored flowers that smell strongly in summer. When the trunk or branches are cut, it will release a milky white sap.

This tree has a very fast growth in the early years. Can live in hot, cold, and semi-shade or full sun exposure. Asiatic jasmine can withstand brief frosts up to -15 °C.

Asiatic jasmine has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

 

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