Characteristics of Tipa Tree (Tipuana tipu) in the Wild

Tipuana tipu
Tipa or Pride of Bolivia is a tree native to South America, and the only member of the genus Tipuana. The tree is listed as a Category 3 Invasive species (a species deemed to have proven potential to be invasive) in South Africa.

Tipa trees are seen as invasive weeds in some countries and are known to have very aggressive root systems. These tree roots can easily destroy concrete and asphalt. Because of this, the tipa tree is forbidden to be planted near buildings, houses or ponds, because it is likely the roots will damage.

To prevent damage caused by its roots, the preventive measure is to dig 2-4 meters from the base of the tree (excavation around the tree) to a depth of about 1 meter and fill the excavation hole with building debris or by casting it with the aim that the roots enter into the soil and not spread in shallow soil or to the surface.

 

Characteristics of Tipa Leaf

Tipuana tipu Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Cerlin Ng

The leaves are pinnately compound, 25 cm long, pinnules usually 2-7 cm, and vary paripinnate or imparipinnate on the same tree.

 

Characteristics of Tipa Flower

Tipuana tipu Flower
Source : flickr.com/Viv

The flowers are bright yellow and bloom only briefly in late summer.

 

Characteristics of Tipa Fruit

Tipuana tipu Fruit
Source : Margaret Donald

The fruit is hard, pods, and seeded at one end.

 

Characteristics of Tipa Tree

Tipuana tipu Tree
Source : Google Images

The tree can grow up to 30 meters wide and 20 meters wide. Most are deciduous trees that spill all or most of their leaves and fruit every year in the middle of winter to spring.

Most seeds dropped by mature trees will germinate above -4 °C and various types of soil. Therefore, this tree can become the most harmful weed for farmers if it grows on agricultural land.

 

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