Characteristics of Tamarind Tree (Tamarindus indica) in the Wild

Tamarindus indica
Tamarind is one of the shade trees that is often planted along the side of highways, especially in Indonesia. This includes trees that can grow quite large and shady with a height of between 30-35 meters.

That said, the reason the government in Indonesia planted tamarind trees on the side of the road since ancient times is because this tree has a long life and does not easily die if it has grown.

The tamarind tree also produces brown pods containing sweet and sharp pulp, which are used in cooking spices throughout the world.

The tamarind tree wood is quite strong and can be used to make wood carvings. The fruit seeds can be extracted and young leaves are used in Indian cooking.

Because the tamarind tree has many uses, it is cultivated throughout the world in tropical and subtropical zones as a tree that produces fruit, wood, and shade trees on the highway or in certain places such as burial areas.

 

Characteristics of Tamarind Leaf

Tamarindus indica Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Forest and Kim Starr

Small leaves resembling leaves of Petai (Parkia speciosa), but has a darker green color.

 

Characteristics of Tamarind Flower

Tamarindus indica Flower
Source : flickr.com/Dinesh Valke

The tamarind flower is red and appears clustered with orange on newly growing flowers and red on old flowers.

 

Characteristics of Tamarind Fruit

Tamarindus indica Fruit
Source : flickr.com/joseph nuzzolese

The fruit is in the form of pods, containing between 3-5 seeds in each fruit. When the fruit is young the color is green, and after ripe it will turn brown.

 

Characteristics of Tamarind Tree

Tamarindus indica Tree
Source : flickr.com/Jonna Saraswathi

The tamarind tree has fast growth and its height can be more than 30 meters with a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters. The bark is dark gray, cracked, and rough.

This tree is very sensitive to wet soil. It can grow well in dry and deep soil. Tamarind trees also need full sun all day and hate shade.

 
BENEFITS OF TAMARIND TREE

The fruit is one of the spices in almost all over the world.

Tamarind shows a laxative effect due to malic acid, tartaric acid, and high potassium bitartrate.

In Southeast Asia, tamarind fruit is used as a poultice that is applied to the forehead of people with a fever to reduce fever.

Its use for relieving constipation has been documented throughout the world.

The fruit pulp can be used to polish brass, copper, and bronze.

The fruit seeds can be extracted into tamarind oil.

The wood is used to make furniture, carvings, and traditional kitchen items such as pestle, mortar, and pestle.

 
HOW TO CULTIVATE TAMARIND TREE

This tree is easily cultivated from seeds or grafts, but cannot by cuttings. People prefer to plant a tamarind tree from seed because it grows faster than a graft that has a ratio of 70:30 to succeed.

 

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