Characteristics of Arak or Jhak Tree (Salvadora persica) in the Wild

Salvadora persica
Arak or Jhak is a plant species that has been used for centuries as a natural toothbrush. The branches of the fibrous arak tree, and are mentioned by the World Health Organization (WHO) are good for mouth cleaning.

Arak trees are found growing naturally in the lowlands, deserts, river banks, and grassy savannahs in the Middle East and Africa.

The use of wood trunks is very popular in the world, especially in countries that are predominantly Muslim. The stem is used as a tooth cleaner, and was recommended by the Prophet Muhammad. Arak tree is also listed in several traditions.

According to chemistry and phytochemistry, the stem of the wine produces carbohydrates and / or trimethylamine, which is an effective alkaloid consisting of vitamin c, chloride, tannin, saponin, flavonoids, atassalvadorine, sulfur, terpene, glycosides, sterols, fluorides, and silica.

 

Characteristics of Arak Leaf

Salvadora persica Leaf
Source : inaturalist.org/omateus

Fresh leaves of the Arak tree can be eaten as a salad and are often used in traditional medicine in the Middle East.

 

Characteristics of Arak Flower

Salvadora persica Flower
Source : inaturalist.org/mohammadm

The flowers are small, fragrant, used as a stimulant, and a little laxative.

 

Characteristics of Arak Fruit

Salvadora persica Fruit
Source : flickr.com/Dinesh Valke

Arak trees produce small, red berries that can be eaten, appear clustered, runny, and somewhat spicy.

 

Characteristics of Arak Tree

Salvadora persica Tree
Source : inaturalist.org/sullivanribbit

Arak tree in the form of a bush or small tree with twisted trunks. The tree can reach heights of 5-7 meters in the wild.

The bark of the tree is rough, cracked, and has a whitish color. The root bark is brownish-gray similar to sand, and the inside is light brown.

Aside from being a mouth cleaner, arak wood is also used for charcoal and firewood. In Namibia, arak leaves are used as animal feed and the fruit can be used to extract detergent oil.

 

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