Characteristics of Babylon Willow Tree (Salix babylonica) in the Wild

Salix babylonica
Babylon willow or Weeping willow is a tree species that originated in northern China, but has been cultivated for thousands of years elsewhere in Asia and traded commercially along the Silk Road, from southwest Asia to Europe.

The Babylon Willow tree itself was first described and named scientifically by Carolus Linnaeus in 1736.

The original cultivar from China is the Salix babylonica ‘Pendula’, where the tree has branches and branches that are very pendulous (bowing down), growing along the ancient Asian-European trade routes.


Characteristics of Babylon Willow Leaf

Salix babylonica Leaf
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The leaves of Babylon willow are neatly arranged, 5-15 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, light green, and with fine jagged margins. During autumn, the leaf color will turn golden yellow.


Characteristics of Babylon Willow Flower

Salix babylonica Flower
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The flowers are dioecious and grow in early spring.


Characteristics of Babylon Willow Tree

Salix babylonica Tree
Source : Victor

Babylon willow trees can grow as medium-sized trees as high as 20-25 meters. Growth is fast but has a life that is not so long, with an average age range in the wild 50-75 years.

Many ancient people discovered and revealed their insight that many Babylon willow trees grew in Babylon, along the Euphrates River in ancient Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and named Gharab in early Hebrew, but it was not the original Babylon Willow tree. Modern research reveals that the trees are Euphrates (Populus euphratica), with leaves that resemble Babylon willow on long, drooping shoots.

At present, the Babylon Willow tree has been cultivated and propagated throughout most of the world, especially in Asia, Europe, and North America. The tree is very suitable to be planted on the edge of rivers, lakes, parks, and large house yards because of the appearance of the tree that gives a beautiful impression.


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