Characteristics of Strawberry Guava Tree (Psidium cattleyanum) in the Wild

Psidium cattleyanum
Strawberry guava is originally confined to the Amazon Basin in Brazil but has spread in many other tropical areas with similar characteristics. In its place of origin, Strawberry guava grows in tropical rain forests at an altitude of up to 1,300 m asl but is more commonly found below 800 m asl.

The tree is very tough, it can easily spread and grow. Also, Strawberry guava is very tolerant of shade and able to withstand soil with moderate to high pH levels.

Due to the toughness of the tree and its suitable character, outside its country of origin, this tree is often planted in pots as an ornamental tree or bonsai.

 

Characteristics of Strawberry Guava Leaf

Psidium cattleyanum Leaf
Source: flickr.com/Cyril Nelson

The leaves are simple, oval to elliptical, and 4-5 cm long.

 

Characteristics of Strawberry Guava Flower

Psidium cattleyanum Flower
Source: flickr.com/Eulampio Duarte

The flowers grow individually or in groups, and each flower has five petals.

 

Characteristics of Strawberry Guava Fruit

Psidium cattleyanum Fruit
Source: flickr.com/Malcolm Manners

Guava strawberry fruit has thin skin that ranges from yellow to dark red or purple, is oval, and about 4 cm long. The fresh fruit is edible because and the inside has the characteristic of being juicy, soft, and savory. It can also be used to make jam.

The seeds of the fruit have many health benefits, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties in addition to vitamin C.

Guava strawberry trees can only bear fruit when they are between 3 and 6 years old.

 

Characteristics of Strawberry Guava Tree

Psidium cattleyanum Tree
Source: flickr.com/Arvore Especies

Strawberry guava grows as a small, straight-branched tree that reaches a maximum height of 13 meters in the wild, and is commonly planted in house yards as high as 2-4 meters. The bark is smooth and gray to reddish-brown. The wood of the tree is hard, dense, durable, and used to make tool handles.

This plant is indispensable for mixed planting in the reforestation of reclaimed and protected areas in Brazil.

Guava strawberry trees are naturalized sporadically in the coastal areas of Queensland and northern New South Wales. It is also naturalized on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, and Christmas Island. The yellow variety produces more fruit than red and generally has larger fruit.

 
HOW TO CULTIVATE STRAWBERRY GUAVA TREE

This tree is easily propagated from seed, besides that it can also be propagated by grafting to get a fast fruiting tree.

 

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