Characteristics of Chinese Quince Tree (Pseudocydonia sinensis) in the Wild

Pseudocydonia sinensis
Chinese Quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis) is a tree in the family Rosaceae, native to China, and the only one in the genus Pseudocydonia.

The Chinese quince tree is closely related to the genus Chaenomeles, and is sometimes called by the same name. However, both have differences in the thorns and the flowers. Chinese Quince is also related to European Quince (Cydonia oblonga), the difference is seen in the jagged leaves and lack of hair.

In China, this tree is called Mùguā (木瓜), while in Korea it is called Mogwa-namu (모과 나무).


Characteristics of Chinese Quince Leaf

Pseudocydonia sinensis Leaf
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The leaves are simple with a length of 6-12 cm and a width of 3-6 cm. It grows alternately, regularly, and has jagged edges.


Characteristics of Chinese Quince Flower

Pseudocydonia sinensis Flower
Source : Goh

Chinese quince flowers are 2-4 cm in diameter, five petals, and pale pink. It produces flowers in mid-spring.


Characteristics of Chinese Quince Fruit

Pseudocydonia sinensis Fruit
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Chinese quince is ovoid, large, 12-17 cm long, and with five carpels. The fruit emits a sweet smell when ripe in late autumn.


Characteristics of the Chinese Quince Tree

Pseudocydonia sinensis Tree
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Chinese quince tree can grow to reach a height of 10-18 meters, with a dense branch crown.

In southern Europe, this tree is often planted as an ornamental tree in the yard or garden. Whereas in East Asia, he became the subject of bonsai which is widely planted in pottery or ceramic pots.


Chinese quince fruit can be processed into jam and become one of the compositions in traditional Chinese medicine to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis (inflammation of the joints due to the immune system that attacks its own tissue).

Recent pharmacological studies show that phytochemical extracts from Chinese quince have antioxidant and antiviral properties.


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