Characteristics of Brown Pine Tree (Podocarpus neriifolius) in the Wild

Podocarpus neriifolius
Brown Pine is a conifer tree species in the Podocarpaceae family and is closely related to Buddhist Pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus) and Henkel’s Yellowwood (Podocarpus henkelii).

Brown Pine trees are found growing naturally in tropical Southeast Asia such as India, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Brunei, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, and Bhutan.

There are many names for this tree, including Ki Putri, Lohansung, Melur (Indonesia), Thông tre lá dài, Thông tre, Im giao trúc đào, Thông tre Nê-pan (Vietnam), and Zinnia, Pinus taobai, Yingluobai ( China).

This tree is widely planted as an ornamental tree. In Indonesia, the habitat for Brown Pine is very limited and can be categorized as a rare tree.

In Bangladesh, Brown Pine trees are protected under the Wildlife (Conservation and Security) Act 2002.

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) has also regulated the trade in this tree since 1975, at the request of the Nepalese state, so that certificates and permits are required to export Brown Pinewood from the country.


Characteristics of Brown Pine Leaf

Podocarpus neriifolius Leaf
Source : Carlos López Almansa

The leaves are narrow and elongated light green on young leaves and dark green on old leaves. Each leaf is 4-23 cm long and 0.75-2 cm wide.


Characteristics of Brown Pine Flower

Podocarpus neriifolius Flower
Source : Garin

The flowers are small, tipped, long, and yellowish-white.


Characteristics of Brown Pine Fruit

Podocarpus neriifolius Fruit
Source :

The fruit is like berries, small and red when ripe.


Characteristics of Brown Pine Tree

Podocarpus neriifolius Tree
Source :

The Brown Pine tree can grow to be a medium-sized tree 10-15 meters tall, although it is sometimes found taller in the wild.

The tree occupies a closed tropical forest, at an altitude of 600-1,500 m above sea level. However, some varieties can grow in the lower plains.

Brown Pine trees are bi-sex like most other coniferous trees. The wood is yellowish, classified in class 2, and often used in construction in Cambodia.


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