Characteristics of Putat Tree (Planchonia valida) in the Wild

Planchonia valida
Putat is a tree species that live in a primary forest that has good drainage in Malaysia and Indonesia. The tree itself is included in the Lecythidaceae tribe.

The rotary tree has distribution in Malaya, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, Bali, Lombok, and Timor, in areas with an altitude of up to 1,000 meters above sea level, but generally grows at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level.

The putat tree is quite tough, it is tolerant of a variety of soil types such as resistant clay, sandy soils, and calcareous soils. The tree is recommended to be planted in wet places to prevent soil erosion such as the edge of rice fields, rivers, or marshes.

 

Characteristics of Putat Leaf

Planchonia valida Leaf
Source : inaturalist.org/photos/94295307

The leaves are single, thin, shiny, with serrated edges. The crown is round, dense, and in the dry season, the leaves are red before falling.

 

Characteristics of Putat Flower

Planchonia valida Flower
Source: inaturalist.org/photos/94295316

The flowers have many stamens that are pink on the bottom and white on the top. Inflorescences in the form of hanging bunches about 30-40 cm long.

The tree blooms all year round, but the best fruiting period is September-December, especially October.

 

Characteristics of Putat Fruit

Planchonia valida Fruit
Source: facebook.com

The fruit is ovoid and clustered.

 

Characteristics of Putat Tree

Planchonia valida Tree
Source : inaturalist.org/photos/94295316

Putat grows as a medium to large tree that can reach 50 meters in height with a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters. Stems often grow upright, straight, and buttresses.

The stem is grayish brown, peeling off in the form of small pieces. Pepagannya thick, flesh red on the outside and white on the inside.

Putat wood has durability class II-III and strength class I-II. The wood is easy to work with, but warps if the drying is careless. Tilting wood is widely used to make heavy construction, poles, household furniture, boats, wood floors, and panels.

Until now, putat trees have never been cultivated, although the potential for utilization is quite large.

 

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