Ground cherries or Ceplukan are flowering plants in the Solanaceae family, which grow in warm regions almost all over the world. It is estimated that there are about 80 plant species, the majority of which comes from Mexico.
Currently, the ground cherries plant has been cultivated in various countries and is one of the plants known for its benefits, especially in making traditional medicine.
One popular species of ground cherries is Physalis peruviana, which has a very distinctive feature, namely that the fruit has an orange skin when ripe. However, it is often confused with wild ground cherries, which have evergreen fruit even when ripe.
Ground cherries can grow in a wide variety of soils, even in very poor soil. The plants themselves are susceptible to plant diseases and pests, such as aphids, leafworms, spiders, and beetles.
Characteristics of Ground Cherries Leaf
The leaves vary widely, depending on the species. Generally, the leaves of ground cherries (Physalis peruviana) are heart-shaped.
Characteristics of Ground Cherries Flower
The flowers are bell-like and dangling, about 15-20 mm in size, yellow with purple and brown spots.
Characteristics of Ground Cherries Fruit
Ground cherries are small, green when young and turn orange when ripe. The fruit has a size of 1-2 cm and is covered with a thin skin.
Characteristics of Ground Cherries Plants
Ground cherries can grow to 20-120 cm tall in the wild, untouched by humans or animals. The plant is similar in shape to a tomato tree, but ground cherries have stiffer, stiffer stems.
Ground cherries can grow perennial by dropping fruit just below them, which then rapidly grow as a substitute for their dead parents and continue if undisturbed.
Most adult ground cherries species need all day sun. The native Chinese species of ground cherries (Physalis alkekengi) are tolerant of cold weather and even snow and frost because they can go dormant when temperatures start to freeze.
HOW TO CULTIVATE CHERRIES GROUND PLANTS
To cultivate ground cherries is seed seedlings. Some species need some shade until the sprouts grow into tree seedlings. Once they have a few leaves, they should be moved to a place exposed to full sun.
BENFITS OF CHERRIES GROUND PLANTS
Ground cherries are rich in cryptoxanthin. Once extracted from the peel, the fruit can be eaten fresh.
Several varieties are often used as a food flavoring, made sweets, or dried like raisins.
In Hawaii, ground cherries are used as a traditional dessert.
In Indonesia, all parts of the ground cherries plant are used as traditional medicine by drying the plants, boiling, and drinking boiled water.