Characteristics of Ileng-Ileng Tree (Phyllanthus reticulatus) in the Wild

Phyllanthus reticulatusIleng-ileng or Mangsian is a weed species belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family, of the genus Phyllanthus. This plant usually grows wild on the edges of rice fields, gardens, and road corners.

Ileng-ileng trees are sometimes planted as hedges or used as bonsai subjects. Ileng-ileng is also known by various names such as Dawat, Malatinta, Mangsian, and Diệp hạ châu mạng.

The trees grow in areas with an altitude between 800-2,000 m above sea level. Its distribution is almost evenly distributed throughout Southeast Asia including Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, and South Africa.


Characteristics of Ileng-Ileng Leaf

Phyllanthus reticulatus Leaf

The leaves are elliptical to ovate, 1-5 cm long per leaf, and 1-3 cm wide.


Characteristics of Ileng-Ileng Fruit

Phyllanthus reticulatus Fruit

The fruit is a small round, 5-7 mm in diameter, soft, smooth, and black when ripe.


Characteristics of Ileng-Ileng Tree

Phyllanthus reticulatus Tree

Ileng-Ileng grows to form shrubs or small trees with a height of 3-5 meters. In nature, this tree is very similar to its family (Phyllanthus sp.) and can be difficult to tell apart if you have never seen the two in person.


Ileng-ileng leaves can be used as a medicine for asthma, coughs, fever, diarrhea, and so on. While the fruit can be used as ink because it contains anthocyanins.


Ileng-ileng is easily cultivated in tropical regions such as Indonesia. The method most widely used for ileng-ileng cultivation is by stem cuttings.


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