Characteristics of Lacy Tree (Philodendron bipinnatifidum) in the Wild

Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Lacy Tree or Philodendron selloum is a type of plant that belongs to the Araceae family and the subgenus Meconostigma, which is also one of the three subgenera in the genus Philodendron. This plant comes from Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay, but is cultivated as an ornamental plant in almost all over the world.

In the past, the names Philodendron bipinnatifidum and Philodendron selloum were recognized as two distinct species. However, recent research that has focused on sexual characteristics suggests that they are one species. Botanist Simon Mayo documented that Philodendron bipinnatifidum and Philodendron selloum were the same plant species.

The Lacy Tree Philodendron is a tropical plant that usually grows in full sun, but it can also tolerate and adapt to shade. This plant grows best in nutrient-rich, moist soil.

In the wild, this plant can grow on large tree trunks (epiphytes) to be tall and support itself. The stems can produce many strong aerial roots, which not only support the entire plant but also function to absorb water and nutrients from the soil.

The Lacy Tree Philodendron is very well known for its ease of maintenance and is used to making the surroundings cool due to its wide leaves and fresh green color.

 

Characteristics of Lacy Tree Philodendron Leaf

Philodendron bipinnatifidum Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Mauricio Mercadante

The leaves are simple, large, dark green, curved, drooping, and each leaf can reach 1.5 meters long. The petiole is long and smooth.

 

Characteristics of Lacy Tree Philodendron Flower

Philodendron bipinnatifidum Flower
Source : flickr.com/galsafrafoto

The flowers are small, without petals, white or cream, and are on a petiole closed in a sheath.

 

Characteristics of Lacy Tree Philodendron

Philodendron bipinnatifidum Plant
Source : flickr.com/Mauricio Mercadante

This plant can vine on large trees around it to a height of about 20 meters or more (rarely 50 meters). The main trunk is relatively thick and woody. To be able to flower in a limited space or by planting in a pot, it takes about 15-20 years.

The Lacy Tree Philodendron is cultivated as an ornamental plant in many tropical, subtropical and warm countries, and has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

INFORMATION: Plant species in the genus Philodendron are poisonous, but the levels of toxicity vary. Philodendron has calcium oxalate crystals in raphid bundles, which are poisonous and irritating. The sap can irritate human skin. Chewing or swallowing parts of the Philodendron plant can cause severe swelling and impair respiratory function.

 

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