Characteristics of Passion Fruit Tree (Passiflora edulis) in the Wild

Passiflora edulis
Passion fruit is a species of fruit tree native to Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. This tree is widely cultivated commercially in the tropics and subtropics because of its sweet and delicious fruit.

There are several varieties of Passion fruit with different outer appearance. The ‘flavicarpa’ variety has a bright yellow rind color, also known as Yellow passion fruit or Gold passion fruit, and can grow to the size of Pomelo (Citrus maxima). While the ‘edulis’ variety has dark purple fruit skin and the fruit is smaller than a lemon, but it has a sweeter aroma and taste.

In the United States, passion fruit trees are planted in Florida, Hawaii, and California. For areas that have snow or subtropical climates, the tree must be protected with a greenhouse because it cannot stand the frost.


Characteristics of Passion Fruit Leaf

Passiflora edulis Leaf
Source : and Kim Starr

The leaves are large, smooth, and dark green.


Characteristics of Passion Fruit Flower

Passiflora edulis Flower
Source :ílvia Beatriz de Souza

The flowers are single, have five white petals, green sepals, and 5-8 cm in width.


Characteristics of Passion Fruit

Passiflora edulis Fruit
Source :ías Herrera Dorta

Passion fruit is ovate to oblong, 4-7 cm in diameter, and the contents of the fruit are filled with hundreds of edible seeds. Passion fruit skin is rather hard and has a yellow or purple color.

Raw passion fruit contains 73% water, 22% carbohydrate, 2% protein, and 0.7% fat. In the amount of 100 grams of fresh passion fruit contains 36% of Daily Value (DV) vitamin C, 42% dietary fiber, vitamin B riboflavin (11% DV) niacin (10% DV), 12% iron, and 10% phosphorus.


Characteristics of the Passion Fruit Tree

Passiflora edulis Tree
Source :

Passion fruit trees can reach up to 20 meters, usually growing in areas that are slightly cool in areas with a height of 500-1,700 m above sea level, and the most ideal area is above 1,000 m above sea level.

The tree also grows well in fertile areas with normal soil pH, as well as areas with good drainage (not flooded or too hot).

Passion fruit trees are highly valued for their edible fruit and beautiful flowers as vines. Sometimes the tree is planted only for ornamental plants.


Passion fruit oil has extensive uses in cosmetics, creams, shampoos, lotions, soaps, etc. The oil can also be used both in food, paint, and other industries.

While Passion Flower Oil Base cosmetic products, this helps skin regeneration, smooths skin, and moisturizes dry skin.

Products based on passion fruit oil provide a relaxing and anti-stress sensation.


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