Characteristics of Jeungjing Tree (Paraserianthes falcataria) in the Wild

Paraserianthes falcataria
Jeungjing or Sengon Laut is a tree species belonging to the Fabaceae. The tree has fast growth, it can reach a height of 7 meters in one year.

The jeungjing tree (Paraserianthes falcataria syn Falcataria moluccana) is often used by its light, brownish-white wood to make containers, pallets, particleboard, and blockboard. This jeungjing is a class V strong and durable wood.

In West Java, chopped jeungjing wood is used as a mixture of herbal ingredients. In Maluku, in the past, jeungjing wood was used as a shielding material because it was light and difficult to penetrate.

The jeungjing tree was first brought to the Bogor Botanical Gardens by Johannes Elias Teijsmann from Banda Island in 1871. Then the tree began to be distributed to various regions in Indonesia.

At present, the jeungjing tree has been cultivated in many tropical countries in the world for timber harvesting.

Jeungjing trees are also widely planted as ornamental tree, road shade trees, and erosion control trees.


Characteristics of Jeungjing Leaf

Paraserianthes falcataria Leaf
Source : and Kim Starr

The leaves are double pinnate compound, the leaves are small, fall off easily, and the petiole is 23-30 cm long. The leaf fins are 6-20 pairs, each containing 6-26 pairs of leaflets that are elliptical or elongated, with a tapered tip.


Characteristics of Jeungjing Flower

Paraserianthes falcataria Flower
Source : and Kim Starr

Small jeungjing flowers, yellowish-white, hairy, clustered, and appear in the armpits of the leaves. The petals are toothed 2 mm high. The flower tube is a funnel, yellowish-white, hairy, and 6 mm high.


Characteristics of Jeungjing Fruit

Paraserianthes falcataria Fruit
Source : and Kim Starr

Jeungjing fruit is pods, thin, straight, 6-12 cm long, 2 cm wide, and 1 cm long. Each fruit contains 12-16 seeds.


Characteristics of Jeungjing Tree

Paraserianthes falcataria Tree
Source : and Kim Starr

Jeungjing trees can grow to a height of 40-50 meters and a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters or more. The crown of the tote tree is shady, forms an umbrella, and is tenuous.

The main trunk is straight cylindrical, the bark is smooth, with the main trunk without branches, the first branches usually grow to a height of 5-7 meters.

The original habitat of the jeungjing tree is primary forest, but over time it has also been found growing in secondary forests, riverbanks, and sometimes in coastal forests.

Jeungjing trees are suitable for planting in the lowlands to an altitude of 1,500 m above sea level. This tree is tolerant of a variety of soils, it can grow well in poor soil, moist soil, dry soil, and slightly salty soil.


Farmers usually reproduce jeungjing trees by seeding or grafting.

For the cultivation process using seedlings, the seeds need to be soaked in boiling water and allowed to soak for 24 hours.

As for the method of grafting the jeungjing tree, it depends on the weather and the fertility of the grafting medium. Generally, the graft can be removed after 2-3 months or the roots have started to fill the plastic graft.

INFO: To save jeungjing seeds before sowing, just dry them for 10-15 days, then they can be stored for a long time (years). It is best to store containers dry and tightly closed.


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