Characteristics of Cengal Tree (Neobalanocarpus heimii) in the Wild

Neobalanocarpus heimii
Cengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii) is a popular hardwood tree. The natural distribution area of ‚Äč‚Äčthis tree is limited to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Southern Thailand.

The Cengal tree produces the best wood and reaches the highest price in the market compared to other wood species and belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Cengal wood is a durable hardwood with a density of 915 to 980 kilograms per cubic meter which is usually used in heavy construction work, especially shipbuilding, traditional houses, poles, bridges, and railroad sleepers, without needing to be preserved because it is resistant to termite attacks.

The durability of cengal wood is due to the presence of substances that have natural resistance that protects the wood core. The resin produced from cengal bark can also be used in the manufacture of varnish.

The IUCN Redlist has awarded Endangered (EN) status to the species Neobalanocarpus heimii since 2017.


Characteristics of Cengal Leaf

Neobalanocarpus heimii Leaf
Source: Khaytarova

The leaves are alternate, the leaves are rough, oval, measuring 7-17 x 2.3-5 cm, and the underside is brown or yellowish-brown.


Characteristics of Cengal Flower

Flowers appear on the shoots, are up to 9 cm long, and are yellow.


Characteristics of Cengal Fruit

Neobalanocarpus heimii Fruit
Source: Khaytarova

The fruit is wingless, dark yellow, and measures 4-5,5 x 22.5 cm.


Characteristics of Cengal Tree

Neobalanocarpus heimii Tree
Source: Khaytarova

Cengal is an evergreen tree, it can grow as a medium-sized tree with a height of up to 30 meters in the wild. This tree grows in forests on well-drained soil up to an elevation of 1000 m asl.


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