Characteristics of Moringa Tree (Moringa oleifera) in the Wild

Moringa oleifera
Moringa is a tree species from the Moringaceae tribe, which comes from tropical and subtropical regions in South Asia. The tree is known by many names, for example, Limaran, Ben-oil, Drumstick, Horseradish tree, and Malunggay.

Moringa includes trees that grow quickly, live long, bloom throughout the year, and withstand extreme heat conditions. The tree is commonly used as a fence and traditional medicine in Indonesia.

Research on the benefits of leaves, bark, fruit to seeds, has been started since the early 1980s. There is a report on the results of research, studies, and development related to the use of moringa trees for reforestation and containment of desertification in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya by the German team, in the periodical Institute for Scientific Cooperation, Tubingen, 1993. The report is devoted to regions including Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan, because for a long time it has been a tradition of the population to plant moringa trees, bearing in mind that these trees can be a part of daily life as vegetable ingredients, raw materials for medicines, as well as for trading.

In the Arba Minch and Konso areas, Moringa trees are used as plants for retaining landslides, soil conservation, and terracing. So that in the rainy season even in the most minimal amounts, falling rain will be able to be held by the moringa root system, and in the dry season, the “savings” of water around the moringa roots will be a source of water for other plants. That’s because the moringa root system is quite dense, landslides are rare.

Researchers from Anna Technology University, Tamilnadu, India, C Senthil Kumar, prove that moringa leaves are indeed efficacious as hepatoprotectors or liver protectors.

According to the doctor and herbalist in Yogyakarta, Dr. Sidi Aritjahja, moringa contains very high antioxidants and is very good for diseases related to digestive problems, such as intestinal and gastric sores. “Whatever part is used is safe as long as you pay attention to the method,” he said. Drink decoction of moringa leaves as much as possible while the water is still warm. Therefore, the antioxidant effect is still strong in warm conditions.

Infants and children in their infancy are recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to consume moringa leaves. Comparison of grams, Moringa leaves contain:

7x vitamin C in oranges, 4x calcium in milk, 4x vitamin A in carrots, 2x protein in milk, 3x potassium in bananas.

WHO also named Moringa as a magic tree after conducting a study and found that this plant has served as an inexpensive health enhancer for 40 years in the poorest countries in the world.

The National Institute of Health (NIH) said on March 21, 2008, that moringa trees have been used as medicine by various ethnic groups to prevent or treat more than 300 types of diseases. The tradition of ancient Indian ayurvedic medicine shows that 300 types of diseases can be treated with moringa oleifera leaves.

From the results of the analysis of the nutritional content, it can be seen that the moringa leaves have excellent potential to complement the nutritional needs in the body. By consuming moringa leaves, the balance of nutrients in the body will be fulfilled so that people who consume moringa leaves will be helped to increase their energy and endurance.

In addition, moringa leaves are also efficacious to overcome various complaints caused by lack of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A deficiency (visual impairment), Choline deficiency (fat accumulation in the liver), vitamin B1 deficiency (beriberi), vitamin B2 deficiency (skin dry and cracked), vitamin B3 deficiency (dermatitis), vitamin C deficiency (gum bleeding), calcium deficiency (osteoporosis), iron deficiency (anemia), protein deficiency (chapped hair), and growth disturbance in children.


Characteristics of Moringa Leaf

Moringa oleifera Leaf
Source : and Kim Starr

Moringa leaves are compound, long-stemmed, arranged alternately, leafless leafy (imparipinnatus), and young green leaf strands like light green leaves like Tamarind (Tamarindus indica).

Moringa oleifera Flower
Source : Yi Shuen


Characteristics of Moringa Fruit

Moringa oleifera Fruit
Source : Ng

The fruit is 20-60 cm long, young fruit is green, and after dark becomes brown. Blackish brown round seeds.


Characteristics of Moringa Tree

Moringa oleifera Tree
Source :

Moringa grows as a small tree with a height of 7-10 meters, trunked wood (lignosus), and upright. The bark is dirty white, thin, and has a rough surface. Its roots are white, white, and enlarged like a turnip.

Moringa tree starts to produce fruit after about 1-2 years old.


This tree can be propagated generatively (seeds) or vegetatively (stem cuttings). It can grow in the lowlands and highlands to an altitude of 1,000 m above sea level and requires sunlight throughout the day.


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