Characteristics of Kratom Tree (Mitragyna speciosa) in the Wild

Mitragyna speciosa
Kratom or Chratomic is a tree species native to southeast Asia, including Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. This tree has long been used in traditional medicinal herbs, since the 19th century.

The kratom tree was first formally described by the Dutch botanist, Pieter Korthals, in 1839. Its Latin name was changed and reclassified several times before George Darby Haviland gave it its final name and final classification in 1859.

Kratom has opioid properties and several stimulant effects. In 2018, a study was conducted on the use of kratom leaves as a therapeutic drug, but the quality was not good.

Some people use kratom leaves to treat chronic pain, treat opioid withdrawal symptoms, and recently used it for euphoric purposes. The effect starts within 5-10 minutes after consumption and lasts for 2-5 hours.

The effects resulting from consuming kratom leaves are nausea, vomiting, and constipation. More severe reactions can cause depression, respiratory problems, heart palpitations, high blood pressure, difficulty sleeping, liver poisoning, seizures, addiction, and psychosis.

WARNING: Kratom overdose is a concern in many countries due to the increasing number of deaths due to excessive kratom abuse.

When use is stopped, the effects of kratom leaf addiction can occur. There have been deaths that have occurred from consuming kratom mixed with other substances.

Kratom leaves contain substances that have been used in 16 countries, and in 2014 the FDA banned the import and manufacture of kratom as a dietary supplement. In 2018, there was international concern about the possible threat to public health from kratom use. In some jurisdictions, its sales and imports have been restricted, and several public health authorities have issued warnings about the dangers of consuming kratom leaves.


Characteristics of Kratom Leaf

Mitragyna speciosa Leaf
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The leaves are shiny dark green and can be between 15-20 cm wide and 8-12 cm long.

Kratom leaves are becoming popular as an alternative to creating euphoria and are claimed to improve mood, relieve pain, and help relieve opiate addiction. Sometimes, kratom is mixed with other psychoactive drugs, such as caffeine and codeine.


Characteristics of Kratom Flower

Mitragyna speciosa Flower
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Kratom flowers grow in clusters at the ends of branches.


Characteristics of Kratom Tree

Mitragyna speciosa Tree
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Kratom is a tree that can grow to a height of 25 meters and a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter. The trunk is often upright, and the outer skin is smooth gray.

The rate of kratom use has been increasing lately. Especially among those who have been able to manage themselves for their use.

Researchers have suggested that with Food and Drug Administration approval, kratom could be processed and become a valuable alternative to methadone. There have not been any formal trials to study the efficacy or safety of kratom for treating opioid addiction. At this time kratom is not approved for sale and purchase for personal use or medical use.


In the ancestral culture, the kratom tree was used in traditional medicine. The leaves are chewed to relieve musculoskeletal pain, increase stamina, increase appetite, and sexual desire.

In modern times like now, the leaf extract is used to heal wounds and as a local anesthetic.

In Thailand, kratom “is used as a snack to receive guests and is part of the rituals of worshiping ancestors and gods”. This herb is very bitter and is generally consumed together with a sweetener.

In 1836, kratom was reported to have been used as a substitute for opium in Malaysia.

Kratom was also used as a substitute for opium in Thailand in the 19th century.


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