Characteristics of Red Bottlebrush Tree (Melaleuca citrina) in the Wild

Melaleuca citrina
Red Bottlebrush is a plant in the Myrtaceae family and is endemic to New South Wales and Victoria in Australia.

Although this plant has changed its name from the previous Callistemon citrinus to Melaleuca citrina, several Australian states continue to use the name Callistemon citrinus.

The Red Bottlebrush tree is a hardy and adaptable species. This plant is cultivated widely in almost all over the world, not only in Australia.

It is one of the first native Australian plants grown overseas, brought to England in 1770 by Joseph Banks. The flowers are bright red and bloom in ideal situations every year.

The Red Bottlebrush tree was first described in 1802 by the French botanist, Georges Louis Marie Dumont de Courset at Le Botaniste Cultivateur.

Previously, this species was known as Metrosideros citrina, which was named by William Curtis in Botanical Magazine in 1794.


Characteristics of Red Bottlebrush Leaf

Melaleuca citrina Leaf
Source : Piat

The leaves are arranged alternately with a length of 26-99 mm and a width of 4-25 mm, stiff, flat, ovoid with a pointed but not sharp tip.


Characteristics of Red Bottlebrush Flower

Melaleuca citrina Flower
Source :

The flowers appear in November and December.


Characteristics of Red Bottlebrush Fruit

Melaleuca citrina Fruit
Source : Cumming

The fruit is a capsule 4-7 mm long and 7 mm wide in cylindrical clusters along the stem.


Characteristics of Red Bottlebrush Tree

Melaleuca citrina Tree
Source :

The Red Bottlebrush tree grows to form a 5-meter tall shrub but is usually found in a 1-3 meter range.

The bark is tough, fibrous, and when the plant is young it is usually covered with fine hairs.


There are two ways to reproduce Red Bottlebrush trees, namely stem cuttings or seed seedlings. This plant is classified as easy to grow because it can live in various types of soil, but it prefers soil that is rich in nutrients and gets full sun. This tree is also resistant to hot and cold weather.


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