Characteristics of Teruntum Tree (Lumnitzera racemosa) in the Wild

Lumnitzera racemosa
Teruntum or Lumnitzera (Lumnitzera racemosa) is a species of a small tree that lives in the mangrove area and is a member of the Combretaceae tribe. In various regions, this tree is known by various names such as Duduk, Adu-Adu, Api-api, and Knias. In English, it is known as the Black Mangrove or Tonga Mangrove.

Lumnitzera trees are found along the edge of mangrove vegetation towards the mainland. The tree likes sandy muddy substrate.

Distribution of lumnitzera trees from Africa, Madagascar, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, to Australia. In Southeast Asia, this tree is hardly found along the coast overlooking the Indian Ocean.


Characteristics of Teruntum Leaf

Lumnitzera racemosa Leaf
Source : Ng

The leaves are thick, slightly fleshy, a bit stiff, ovoid, measuring 2-10 × 1-2.5 cm, the leaves grow twigs, and have short stems.


Characteristics of Teruntum Flower

Lumnitzera racemosa Flower
Source : Caledonia

The lumnitzera flower appears on the armpit of the leaf, light green in color, its shape is rather flat and elongated with a length of 3-6 cm.

In addition to the white flowering lumnitzera tree, Indonesia also grows which has red flowers, it is named by the Latin name Lumnitzera littorea. This red flowering lumnitzera tree can grow more than 20 meters high and is classified as a medium-sized tree.


Characteristics of the Teruntum Tree

Lumnitzera racemosa Tree
Source : Cumming

The lumnitzera tree grows as a small tree or shrub with an average height of 8-10 meters. The bark is reddish-brown, rough, and broken.

Lumnitzera wood is of good quality, has a heavy, hard, strong, and durable texture. The wood is suitable for the construction of buildings, bridges, ships, and household furniture. However, lumnitzera wood is rarely large because the tree only grows less than 10 meters.


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