Planting trees is an important thing to do, besides being able to facilitate the absorption of water into the soil, it can also prevent pollution and create fresh air.
However, that does not mean planting it directly with a large tree. If you don’t have an extra-large yard, you can just plant the little tree first, and let it develop by itself.
In here, Names of Trees want to share several types of trees that you can choose to plant at home. These are medium-sized tree species, ranging from 3 to 20 meters. Also, trees that are considered ornamental trees in the yard. That means, we can plant trees and enjoy their beauty.
Below is a list of tropical and subtropical trees that we have selected and recommended for you.
The tropics are the region of Earth surrounding the Equator. They are delimited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere at 23°26′11.2″ (or 23.43645°) N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere at 23°26′11.2″ (or 23.43645°) S. These latitudes correspond to the axial tilt of the Earth.
The tropics are also referred to as the tropical zone and the torrid zone. The tropics include everywhere on Earth which is a subsolar point (the Sun is directly overhead) at least once during the solar year.
1. Chinese Fringe Flower (Loropetalum chinense)
Chinese Fringe Flower is an ornamental plant that can grow as tall as 5-6 meters, native to tropical Asia. There are two varieties of this plant, one of which has green leaves and white flowers, the second is a variety of dark red leaves and pink flowers (sometimes the color of the leaves varies between red-purple) depending on the location of growth and growth conditions.
This plant is excellent in tropical area because generally, it has red leaves that do not fall in any season. The best growth is in slightly acidic soil and in full sun to create the colors of the leaves and bring out full flowers.
2. Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata)
Orange jessamine is a tropical flowering plant native to South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Australia. This species is widely planted as ornamental trees or hedges. Orange jessamine produces small white flowers that are very fragrant and are followed by the appearance of small red berries. It includes plants that are easy to care for and often flowering and fruiting in any season.
3. Crepe Myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Crepe Myrtle is one of the species in the genus Lagerstroemia in the Lythraceae family, originating from Asia such as India, China, Korea, and Japan. Crepe Myrtle grows with many stems, sometimes deciduous, and gives rise to dense flowers in summer. This tree is best planted in open areas and full sun.
4. Tsubaki (Camellia)
Camellia or Tsubaki is the genus of the most famous flowering shrub as an ornamental plant, from the Theaceae family. One of the most popular species is Camellia japonica. There are thousands of Camellia japonica cultivars in cultivation, with various colors and shapes of flowers.
5. Ixora (Ixora coccinea)
Ixora is a medium-sized flowering bush-shaped plant species that is very popular in tropical and semi-tropical landscapes. There are more than 400 species of Ixora coccinea, mostly from Asia and China. The number of species currently used as ornamental plants is Ixora coccinea that it very suitable to be an ornamental plant in your home garden.
6. Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans)
Yellow elder is a species of perennial flowering shrubs in the family Bignoniaceae, which is a plant native to America. This tree is often cultivated as an ornamental plant subject to large flowers and striking yellow trumpet-shaped. In some areas, the yellow elder tree becomes an invasive species, it is found growing well on rocky, sandy, dry, and exposed to full sun throughout the day.
7. Flamboyant (Delonix regia)
Flamboyant is a species of flowering tree in the Fabaceae family, a subfamily of Caesalpinioideae originating from Madagascar. It is famous for its fern-like leaves, and flowers that appear compact in bright orange or red colors during the summer. This tree is widely cultivated in the tropics as a roadside tree, a city park, a playground, and an ornamental tree in a home yard.
Delonix regia is listed as a Least Concern (LC) tree species by IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List.
8. Bastard Tea (Butea monosperma)
Bastard tea is a flora originating from the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian and Southeast Asian Subcontinent, starting from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and western Indonesia. Bastard tea is a tree that has many stories, it was told by Rudyard Kipling, in “Beyond the Pale” in 1888. Then The Jungle Book also featured this tree. In Buddhism, this tree is considered important and has many synonym names.
9. Golden Shower (Cassia fistula)
Golden shower is a flowering tree of the subfamily Caesalpiniaceae, Fabaceae family. This tree is a species native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions in Southeast Asia. Golden shower trees are often cultivated in Buddhist temples in Sri Lanka. The golden shower is ritually important at the Vishu festival in Kerala. The flowers are also a symbol of Thailand’s national flower, which symbolizes the Thai royal family.
10. Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia)
Jacaranda is a flowering tree native to South America that has been widely planted elsewhere because of its attractive and long-lasting flowers. Jacaranda is considered an invasive species in parts of South Africa and Australia.
Jacaranda mimosifolia is listed as a Vulnerable (VU) tree species by IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List.
11. Pink Trumpet (Handroanthus impetiginosus)
Pink trumpet is a tree native to the family of Bignoniaceae originating from America, distributed from northern Mexico south to northern Argentina. Pink trumpet is Paraguay’s national tree and is also a common tree in northeastern Argentina and southeastern Bolivia. Naturally, this tree is easily found in the wild in the middle of the South American forest.
12. Rosy Trumpet (Tabebuia rosea)
Rosy trumpet is a beautiful flowering tree that grows to a height of 30 meters in the wild (generally lower than 15 meters) and its trunk can reach diameters of up to 100 cm. This species is distributed from southern Mexico, to Venezuela and Ecuador. Rosy trumpet is found growing in areas with an altitude of 1,200 m above sea level with temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 30 °C, with annual rainfall above 500 mm, and in soils with very varied pHs.
13. Hong Kong Orchid (Bauhinia blakeana)
Hong Kong orchid is a hybrid tree of the genus Bauhinia. It has thick, large leaves and striking purplish-red flowers. The flowers smell like orchids usually. The flower blooms from early November to the end of March.
The Hong Kong orchid originated in Hong Kong in 1880 and it seems that all the trees cultivated came from one place in the Hong Kong Botanic Garden and were widely planted in Hong Kong starting in 1914. Since 1997 the flowers have become the symbol of the Hong Kong flag and coins.
14. Mulungu (Erythrina mulungu)
Mulungu is an ornamental tree and medicinal plant native to cerrado and caatinga ecoregion in Brazil, South America. Several species of Erythrina trees are used by indigenous peoples in the Amazon as medicines, insecticides, and fish poisons. In traditional Brazilian herbs, the leaves or bark of the Mulungu tree are often used as a sedative, to calm the excessive nervous system, lower blood pressure, overcome insomnia, and depression.
WARNING: The reddish-orange mulungu seeds are very poisonous because they contain substances erythravine, alkaloids, tetrahydroisoquinoline, and (+) – 11α-hydroxy-erythravine. There have been many reports of deaths from consuming mulungu fruit seeds.
15. Water Jasmine (Wrightia religiosa)
Water jasmine is a species of flowering woody trees in the Apocynaceae family. Its distribution includes China, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Water jasmine is commonly used as a bonsai plant and is a valued plant because it is used in Chinese pagodas and some other sacred places. The flowers are white, small, pendulous, and have a scent similar to jasmine.
16. Tipa (Tipuana tipu)
Tipa is a tree species originating from South America. Tipuana tipu is seen as an invasive weed in several countries and is known to have a very aggressive root system. Its roots can easily lift concrete and asphalt, so planting it near a building is strictly prohibited. The tipa tree produces bright yellow flowers and blooms in late summer.
17. Whistling Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia)
Whistling pine is an oak species of the genus Casuarina. Its distribution extends throughout Southeast Asia, North Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Whistling pine has been introduced in the southern United States and West Africa. But, it is an invasive species in Florida, South Africa, India, and Brazil.
Whistling pine is widely used as a bonsai subject, especially in Southeast Asia and the Caribbean. Indonesian specimens cultivated in Taiwan are considered as the best in the world of bonsai.
18. Javanese Red Buds (Syzygium myrtifolium)
Javanese red buds is a species of flowering tree in the Myrtaceae family. Javanese red buds is a native flora from Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Philippines, and Thailand. This tree has a pink color on young leaves making it suitable as an ornamental tree on the roadside or home garden.
19. Jaboticaba (Plinia cauliflora)
Jaboticaba or Jabuticaba is a fruit-producing tree in the Myrtaceae family, which comes from Minas Gerais, Goiás, and Sao Paulo in Brazil. The tree is known for its unique fruits because it appears dense on the tree trunks. The fruit can also be eaten raw or used to make jelly, jam, juice, or grapes.
20. Yew Plum Pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus)
Yew plum pine or Buddhist pine is a species of coniferous trees in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. This is the northernmost species of the genus, native to Japan and China. In China, Yew plum pine is known as 羅漢松 or Luóhàn sōng, whereas in Japan it is called Kusamaki (ク サ マ キ) or Inumaki (犬 槇). This is a very popular tree as an ornamental and landscape tree, especially in Japan and the southeastern United States.
Subtropical Beautiful Medium Trees
The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographical and climate zones located to the north and south of the Torrid Zone. Geographically part of the North and South temperate zones, they cover the latitudes between 23°26′11.2″ (or 23.43645°) and approximately 35° in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The horse latitudes lie within this range.
Subtropical climates are often characterized by hot summers and mild winters with infrequent frost.
1. Fullmoon Maple (Acer japonicum)
Fullmoon maple (ハ ウ チ ワ カ エ デ), is a maple species originating from Japan, precisely in Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū Prefecture, and South Korea. It is a small deciduous tree that can grow as tall as 5-8 meters. Fullmoon maple is often cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions of Europe, North America, and elsewhere with similar temperatures.
2. Japanese Flowering Crabapple (Malus floribunda)
Japanese flowering crabapple is a species of wild plants originating from Japan and East Asia. Its growth forms a small deciduous tree. Trees have good disease resistance, this species is also considered one of the flowering crabapples and has received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
3. Oriental Cherry (Prunus serrulata)
Oriental cherry is a flowering plant native to China, Japan, and Korea. He was planted to await his “cherry blossom” spring flowers. Oriental cherries are widely planted as flowering ornamental trees, both in their home countries and throughout subtropical climates.
4. Foxglove (Paulownia tomentosa)
Foxglove or Princess tree is a deciduous tree in the Paulowniaceae family that originated in central and western China. This tree has fast growth and displays beautiful flowers. In Japan, Foxglove trees are planted at the time of the birth of a girl. When he qualified for marriage, the tree was cut down and carved into wooden items for his dowry. Carving Paulownia wood is an art form in Japan.
5. Juneberry (Amelanchier lamarckii)
Juneberry is a large flowering shrub of the Rosaceae family. In spring it produces white star-shaped flowers, which appear together with new leaves. Juneberry is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. He has also received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
6. Oneseed Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
The oneseed hawthorn is a species of flowering tree native to Europe, northwest Africa, and Western Asia. The tree has been introduced in many other parts of the world and has become an invasive weed in several countries. This tree grows to form a shrub or tree as high as 5-12 meters. Oneseed hawthorn is cultivated as a hedge or large yard plant, considering its growth can be more than 10 meters.
7. Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Black locust is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree, from the Robinieae tribe. It is endemic in several small areas in the United States, but has been widely planted and naturalized in other places such as North America, Europe, South Africa, and Asia. Black locust trees are planted to control soil erosion because the trees are tough. Black locust wood is also considered the most durable wood in North America. In addition to these uses, it is also suitable to be used as a landscape plant on large land because it has erect stems and beautiful autumn leaves.
8. European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
European beech is a deciduous tree from the Fagaceae family. It can grow up to 50 meters in the wild, but usually, it is planted in a garden with the common control we see between 10-15 meters. European beech has a natural habitat from southern Sweden to northern Sicily, western France, southern England, northern Portugal, central Spain, and northwestern Turkey. It becomes a popular tree in large public parks or in large yards.
9. Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda)
Japanese wisteria is a species of flowering woody plants in the Fabaceae family, native to Japan. It can grow to a height of 8 meters and spread to 30 meters (generally growing as a climbing tree). Japanese wisteria is one of the most popular flowering trees in the world, it is planted in many subtropical countries. The flowers have a scent like grapes, grow in groups, and dangle beautifully.
10. Golden Chain (Laburnum anagyroides)
A golden chain is a species of flowering plants in the subfamily Faboideae, and the genus Laburnum. It is a native flora of Central and Southern Europe. In its habitat, the golden chain grows on moist and light soils, especially calcareous soils in Southern Europe. The tree changes leaves and grows as a small tree or bush as tall as 7 meters.
11. Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia)
Chinese elm or Lacebark elm is a species of tree native to East Asia, including China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. He is described as one of the most beautiful elms because it has the calm of Nothofagus. It grows as a small or medium tree with a height of 10-17 meters. Chinese elm tree is planted as an ornamental tree or landscape supplementary tree.
12. Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
Scarlet oak is an oak tree part of Lobatae, originates from the central and eastern United States, from southern Maine west to Wisconsin, Michigan and Missouri, then south as far as Louisiana, Alabama, and Georgia. Scarlet oak is grows naturally on dry, sandy, and usually acidic soils. Scarlet oak is also sometimes planted as an ornamental tree, popular because of its bright red autumn colors. Specifically ‘Splendens’ cultivator has received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
13. Lily Magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora)
Lily magnolia is a small deciduous tree native to southwest China but is cultivated for centuries elsewhere in China and Japan. The flowers bloom abundantly in early spring with striking colors such as purplish-pink or pink before the leaf buds open.
14. Japanese Dogwood (Cornus kousa)
Japanese dogwood is a small deciduous tree 8-10 meters high, in the Cornaceae family. This tree is widely planted as an ornamental plant in many areas, it is also naturalized in the State of New York.
15. Azalea (Rhododendron indicum)
Azalea are Rhododendron species originating from Japan, precisely from Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Yakushima. This is a type of flowering ornamental plant that is widely grown as a barrier plant in city parks or home gardens in many areas. In Japan, this plant is called by the local name, Kirishima-tsutsuji.
16. Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Eastern redbuds are shrubs or small trees, native to eastern North America. The tree has a height of 6-8 meters and its striking, pink flowers appear from spring to early summer. Eastern redbuds are widely planted in parks and gardens, especially ‘Forest Pansy’ and ‘Ruby Falls’ cultivators who have won the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit in 2017.
17. American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)
American hornbeam is a small wooden tree of the genus Carpinus, which originates from eastern North America and Quebec, Canada. This tree has a height of 10-15 meters and likes shade and slightly damp soil. American hornbeam is widely used as a subject of bonsai and ornamental plants in large fields. The tree is commonly found growing in the Rocky Mountains.
18. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)
Black tupelo is medium-sized deciduous trees that originate in eastern North America, starting from the coast of the northeastern United States and southern Ontario to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as growing in Mexico. Black tupelo is often cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a shade tree.
19. Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum)
Sourwood is the only species in the genus Oxydendrum, in the family Ericaceae. This is a tree native to eastern North America, it is most commonly found under the Appalachian Mountains. Sourwood trees grow as high as 10-20 meters in the wild. He is classified as a decent ornamental tree in the yard and garden.
20. American Storax (Liquidambar styraciflua)
American storax or American sweetgum is a deciduous tree in the Liquidambar genus originating in warm climates in eastern North America and tropical mountain regions in Mexico and Central America. American storax is a medium-size tree where it can grow as tall as 15-20 meters. The tree is classified as important as a tree producing quality wood and as an ornamental tree. American storax grows well in moist soil, acid soils, and tolerates poor drainage. The tree usually grows side by side with coastal species such as Willow oak (Quercus phellos) and Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana).
Now you know what trees are attractive and of medium size. So, you only need to choose one or several of them to start planting them.
Let’s help preserve the environment by planting as many trees as possible.