Characteristics of Limonia Tree (Limonia acidissima) In the Wild

Limonia acidissima
Limonia or Wood-apple is a plant species native to the Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka. This species has also been introduced in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Limonia fruit is often used to make juice. The ripe fruit is sometimes also made as pickles (mashed with green chili, sugar, and salt).

The majority of Hindu temples plant this tree in their compound known as Sthala Vriksha.

Limonia tree is strong, it is resistant to drought and poor soil conditions. The tree itself is related to the stone apple tree (Aegle marmelos).


Characteristics of Limonia Leaf

Limonia acidissima Leaf
Source : Valke

The leaves are pinnate, with 5-7 leaflets, each leaf has a length of 2-4 cm and a width of 1-2 cm.


Characteristics of Limonia Flower

Limonia acidissima Flower
Source : Valke

The flowers are white and have five petals.


Characteristics of Limonia Fruit

Limonia acidissima Fruit
Source : Mahmud Hussain

Limonia berries are 5-9 cm in diameter. The fruit has a very hard skin, looks greenish brown from the outside and contains brown pulp and small white seeds.

The fruit contains large amounts of protein, carbohydrates, ferus, fat, calcium, Vit-B & C, etc. 100g of mature limonia pulp contains up to 49 KCal.


Characteristics of Limonia Tree

Limonia acidissima Tree
Source : Copley

Limonia trees can grow to heights of 8-10 meters, with rough and thorny bark. The tree is tolerant of various soils and can withstand the long dry season.


In Aceh, limonia is known as a shell fruit and is used as an ingredient in a mixture of salad and syrup.

In Rembang Regency, Central Java, limonia is processed into syrup known as kawis syrup.

The Bima and Dompu people in West Nusa Tenggara refer to this tree as Kawi and are one of the complementary ingredients of the Mbojo (Bima) ethnic salad.


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