Characteristics of Dragon Fruit Tree (Hylocereus undatus) in the Wild

Hylocereus undatus
Dragon fruit or Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus) is the most cultivated Cactaceae plant species. The tree is used both as an ornamental tree and a cultivation plant producing dragon fruit.

The dragon fruit tree originated in America, but the exact origins are still unknown. He has many names in each country, including Pitaya, Pitahaya, Dragon fruit, Night-blooming cereus, Strawberry pear, Belle of the night, Cinderella plant, and Jesus in the cradle.

This tree was first described by Britton & Rose published in Flora of Bermuda, in 1918.


Characteristics of Dragon Fruit Leaf

Hylocereus undatus Leaf
Source : and Kim Starr

The dragon fruit tree is not leafy, it has a fleshy stem (succulent) like a cactus.


Characteristics of Dragon Fruit Flower

Hylocereus undatus Flower
Source : and Kim Starr

The flowers are white, appearing along the stem, about 25-27 cm long and 15-20 cm in diameter.


Characteristics of Dragon Fruit

Hylocereus undatus Fruit
Source : Naden

Dragon fruit is oval to oval, 6-12 cm long, 4-9 cm wide, red, has a large bracteole, with white flesh and very small edible black seeds.


Characteristics of the Dragon Fruit Tree

Hylocereus undatus Tree
Source : & Fauna of the Mid North Coast of NSW

Dragon fruit trees grow like cactus trees, but they can propagate with aerial roots reaching heights of 8 meters or more in the wild.

Dragon fruit trees are widely cultivated in the tropics to harvest fruit that is delicious and has economic value.


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