Characteristics of Gmelina Tree (Gmelina arborea) in the Wild

Gmelina arborea
Gmelina or Beechwood is a tree species that produces high-quality and economically valuable wood. This tree comes from Southeast Asia, in other countries, it is known as Gamari, Gumadi, Gamar, Yemane, Goomar teak, Kashmir tree, Malay beechwood, and White teak.

The gmelina tree grows naturally throughout India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and in the southern provinces of China. He was found at an altitude of 0-1,500 m above sea level.

Currently, the gmelina tree is widely planted as a shade tree, mostly used for commercial purposes. Farmers are interested in the value of this type of wood, although all parts of the tree can be used for sale, starting from logs, branches, and even branches.

Since the 1960s, the gmelina tree has been widely introduced as a valuable timber tree in Brazil, Gambia, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, Indonesia Malawi, Nigeria, the Philippines, and Sierra Leone.


Characteristics of Gmelina Leaf

Gmelina arborea Leaf
Source :

The leaves are large, simple in shape, and have large serrations on the edges.


Characteristics of Gmelina Flower

Gmelina arborea Flower
Source : Mercadante

The gmelina tree flowers and bears fruit every year. In the wild, with tropical climates, the tree begins to flower in the dry season when its leaves drop. Apart from their natural distribution, the flowering and fruiting period is not clear.


Characteristics of Gmelina Fruit

Gmelina arborea Fruit
Source : Khare

The fruit is fleshy, 20-35 mm long, shiny, soft, and slightly sweet skin. The seeds are hard as a rock, 16-25 mm long, smooth, one end is round, and the other is pointed.


Characteristics of Gmelina Tree

Gmelina arborea Tree
Source :

Gmelina is a fast-growing tree that can grow in humid places. It does not thrive in soils with poor drainage, dry soil, or sandy soils.

The gmelina tree can grow as a large tree that reaches 30 meters high, with a trunk 1.2-2 meters in diameter. It has a chlorophyll layer just under the outer skin, which is pale yellow on the outside and white on the inside.

The wood is strong and heavy. Gmelina wood is often used in construction, furniture, carriages, musical instruments, and artificial limbs. After processing, the wood is quite resistant to rot and termites.


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