Characteristics of Ginkgo Tree (Ginkgo biloba) in the Wild

Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) is the only species that still live in the Ginkgophyta division, other species have been extinct for centuries. This tree originated from China but has now been spread to many subtropical regions to be cultivated as an ornamental plant.

In its home country, ginkgo trees have been cultivated since ancient times, in the United States ginkgo trees were cultivated around 200 years ago, and Europe around 300 years ago.

Ginkgo leaf fossils have been found by researchers and show they originate around 270 million years ago.

For centuries wild ginkgo trees have been considered extinct, but are now found growing naturally at least in two small areas in the eastern Zhejiang province, and in the Tianmushan Nature Reserve.

In life, the ginkgo tree was adopted as the official symbol of the Japanese capital, Tokyo, and the Osaka University logo since 1991.


Characteristics of Ginkgo Leaf

Ginkgo biloba Leaf
Source : Zimny Photos

Ginkgo leaves are very unique with a veined and splitting fan shape and are 7-12 cm long.


Characteristics of Ginkgo Fruit

Ginkgo biloba Fruit
Source : ravagli

The fruit is round, long-stemmed, brownish yellow, appears at the end of the stem, and usually, each stem contains 1-2 fruits. Each ginkgo contains 1 1-2 cm seeds.


Characteristics of Ginkgo Tree

Ginkgo biloba Tree
Source :

In the habitat of ginkgo trees can grow with a height of 30-35 meters and a trunk diameter of 1 meter. The branches are long and the trees are resistant to plant or insect diseases.

It is claimed that the oldest surviving Ginkgo tree is known to be 1,500 years old and is located in many temples in the Japanese and Chinese temples.

Ginkgo trees like smooth and slightly muddy soils with good drainage at the acidity of at least pH 5.0-5.5.

Today the ginkgo tree is known by the world community for its beautiful leaf shape and striking color in autumn, where the ginkgo leaves will turn bright yellow before falling.


Ginkgo trees have various uses in traditional medicine and the fruit can be processed into Chinese special food.


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