Characteristics of Himalayan Garcinia (Garcinia xanthochymus) in the Wild

Garcinia xanthochymus
Himalayan garcinia or Gamboge (Garcinia xanthochymus) is a tree species found from India, southern China, and Japan through Indochina to Peninsular Malaysia at elevations of 0-1400 m asl. The tree is often found growing in moist forests in valleys or hills.

Himalayan garcinia fruit is used which has a sour taste. Dried fruit is generally used as a spice, jam, and curry mixture. Fresh fruit can be pickled. Himalayan garcinia fruit is widely used in dishes from Sumatra, such as rendang, fish pindang, and meat pindang.


Ripe fruit is sliced ​​thinly, then dried in the sun for a few days to dry. Dried fruit can be stored for years.

Fruit that turns black when dried in the sun indicates an incomplete drying process or is still damp.

Another well-known variety of Himalayan garcinia is Kokam (Garcinia indica).


Characteristics of Himalayan Garcinia Leaf

Garcinia xanthochymus Leaf
Source: Khare

The leaves are lanceolate, narrow, dark green, 12-24 cm long.


Characteristics of Himalayan Garcinia Flower

Garcinia xanthochymus Flower
Source: Valke

The flowers are greenish-white, single in clusters of 4-10 with a diameter of 1.3 cm.

Flowering usually occurs after a fairly long dry period (at least three months) and can flower twice a year.


Characteristics of Himalayan Garcinia Fruit

Garcinia xanthochymus Fruit
Source: and Kim Starr

The fruit is slightly rounded, tapered, with a diameter of up to 9 cm, pale orange or deep yellow. But the varieties that grow on the island of Sumatra, especially South Sumatra, produce round fruit with the tip of the fruit concave inward, the color of the ripe fruit is yellow-brown, slightly gummy yellow to yellow-brown. The young fruit is light green. Each fruit has 4 to 5 seeds, each of which is covered with fruit flesh.


Characteristics of Himalayan Garcinia Tree

Garcinia xanthochymus Tree
Source: and Kim Starr

Himalayan garcinia tree can grow up to 15 meters with gray bark. The crown is shaped like a pyramid, with the main stem upright and the branches growing horizontally. This tree likes shade and humidity.

In Java, this tree is often referred to as Mundu, because the overall shape of the tree is very similar to the Mundu tree (Garcinia dulcis).


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