Characteristics of Rukam Tree (Flacourtia rukam) in the Wild

Flacourtia rukam
Rukam or Indian Plum is a species of flowering plant in the Salicaceae family. He is native to China, India, and much of Southeast Asia, where he is found mostly growing in sequenced forests.

The rukam tree produces edible fruit. But unfortunately, this tree is less popular and is becoming scarce because it is rarely planted and cultivated.

Rukam itself contains Vitamin C which is useful for protecting the body from infection and increasing the body’s ability to heal wounds and be immune to viruses, bacteria, or germs.

Vitamin C rukam fruit is also needed by the body for collagen, a protein, and a major structure found in connective tissue. By consuming rukam fruit, various wound problems in the body can be healed faster, including inflammation and headaches. Vitamin C from rukam fruit is important for controlling the body’s allergies to fever as well as reducing histamine levels which will reduce fever more quickly.

Rukam fruit is also believed to be able to facilitate bowel movements because it contains a lot of natural fiber. Rukam fruit is also believed to protect the body because it strengthens the body’s immune system.


Characteristics of Rukam Leaf

Flacourtia rukam Leaf
Source : Ng

The young leaves are red to brown, while the old leaves are slightly oval with toothed edges and up to 15 cm long by 7-8 cm wide.


Characteristics of Rukam Flower

Flacourtia rukam Flower
Source : C. J. Lim

The flowers are yellow (male) and green (female), which appear on the leaf axils.


Characteristics of Rukam Fruit

Flacourtia rukam Fruit
Source : Ng

Rukam fruit is round, about 2 cm long, green when young and red or purple when ripe.

The fruit contains a lot of Vitamin C and can be eaten directly or processed into jam.


Characteristics of the Rukam Tree

Flacourtia rukam Tree
Source :

The rukam tree can reach a height of 15 meters in the wild. The stems are spiny, each thorn is about 8-10 cm long, but some varieties of rukam specifically for cultivation do not have thorns.

In recent years, the rukam tree has been cultivated for its fruit, as well as the tree as the subject of bonsai.


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