Characteristics of White Fig Tree (Ficus virens) in the Wild

Ficus virens
White Fig or Bunut (Ficus virens) is a plant of the genus Ficus found in India, Southeast Asia, Malaysia, and northern Australia. This is a banyan tree that is popular in several countries due to the characteristic red leaves of its young. One variety (Ficus virens var. Sublanceolata) grows in the subtropical rainforests of northeastern New South Wales and southeast Queensland in Australia.

White figs have also been planted as highway trees in and around the cities of New Delhi and Noida. Indonesia and several other countries, often use this tree as a bonsai specimen because of its foliage that turns red in the spring.

This tree has a wide crown that sometimes exceeds the tree’s height. The air roots are very aggressive and grow quickly, because of this the White Fig tree is not suitable for planting around settlements or buildings.

 

Characteristics of White Fig Leaf

Ficus virens Leaf
Source: flickr.com/Nelindah

In spring (February to May) and a rainy season (September to December) the leaves are bright brown or red.

 

Characteristics of White Fig Fruit

Ficus virens Fruit
Source: flickr.com/Nelindah

The fruit is fig-shaped and green when young, then turns red when ripe.

 

Characteristics of White Fig Tree

Ficus virens Tree
Source: flickr.com/Geeta Samant

White figs can grow as medium-sized trees up to 10 meters in height in cultivation and up to 35 meters in their native habitat with a wide canopy. The bark is smooth gray.

This tree is a banyan tree that is included in a tree group known as “Strangler Fig” because the seeds can germinate on other trees and grow to suffocate (epiphyte) and eventually kill the host tree.

 

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