Characteristics of Banyan Vine (Ficus vaccinioides) Trees in the Wild

Ficus vaccinioides
The banyan vine or 越桔榕 (Ficus vaccinioides) is a species of fig that grows to form a shrub with a prostrate form of growth. It grows on rocks in coastal forests and coastal shrubs in South Taiwan.

Banyan vine is very suitable to be planted as a ground cover or on a concrete retaining wall. It can live in various types of soil such as dry soil, moist soil, and coastal soil that contains salt.

Banyan vine can be propagated from seed or stem cuttings.

 

Characteristics of Banyan Vine Leaf

Ficus vaccinioides Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/leaf0605

The leaves are simple, arranged alternately along the stem, oval-elliptical in shape with a length of 1-1.5 cm and a width of 0.4-0.7 cm. The leaves are thin and have coarse hairs on the upper surface. The lower leaf surface is covered with cystoliths. The leaf stipules are red and lanceolate.

 

Characteristics of Banyan Vine Fruit

Ficus vaccinioides Fruit
Source: inaturalist.org/pelser

Figs, round to ovoid, about 1 cm in diameter, located in the axils of the leaves, are green when young and turn dark purple when ripe.

 

Characteristics of Banyan Vine

Ficus vaccinioides Tree
Source: inaturalist.org/leaf0605

The banyan vine is an evergreen fig that grows as a shrub, the stems are pubescent and rooted. Often found growing on the sidelines of rocks and coastal bushes. Grows best in full sun and acidic moist soil.

 

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