Characteristics of Rumph’s Fig Tree (Ficus rumphii) in the Wild

Ficus rumphii
Rumph’s Fig or Javanese Fig (Ficus rumphii) is a species of a fig tree in the family Moraceae. This species can be found in India, southern China, Indonesia, and Malaysia.

The Rumph’s Fig tree is often mistaken for an Bodhi Tree, but it has longer leaves and a shorter tail.


Characteristics of Rumph’s Fig Leaf

Ficus rumphii Leaf

The leaves are broad, ovate or heart-shaped, slightly leathery, alternate, pointed at the tip, and dark green or yellowish. The leaves are very similar to the tree most revered by Buddhists and Hindus, namely the Bodhi Tree (Ficus religiosa), but the tail of Rumph’s Fig leaves is shorter.


Characteristics of Rumph’s Fig

Ficus rumphii Fruit
Source: Khare

The fruit is typical of figs, grows in the axils of the leaves, in small clusters, has spots, dark purple to black when ripe.


Characteristics of Rumph’s Fig Tree

Ficus rumphii Tree

Rumph’s Fig grows as a true tree or epiphyte on other trees (usually when young) to a height of 30-35 meters in suitable places. The bark is dark gray and has a milky white sap when part of the tree is injured.

In Java, this tree is usually found growing in dry areas and is not exposed to the sun, not a few also grow in the corners of buildings such as walls, roofs, or bridges.

The use of Rumph’s Fig is not yet known, but the tree is grown only for ornamental plants and bonsai.


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