Characteristics of Petiolate Fig Tree (Ficus petiolaris) in the Wild

Ficus petiolaris
Petiolate Fig or Rock Fig (Ficus petiolaris) is a fig tree endemic to Mexico, from Baja California and southern Sonora to Oaxaca. Often found growing under larger trees in deciduous and semi-deciduous tropical forests, thorny forests, mesophilic montane forests, oak and pine forests.

Petiolate Fig likes warm, semi-warm, and temperate climates, with an elevation area of between 500-1,300 meters above sea level. Petiolate Fig is very easy to recognize because it has the characteristic white hairs on the axillary veins.

Carl Sigismund Kunth (a German botanist) first described this species in 1817.

Today, Petiolate Fig is famous for being often grown as an ornamental tree in pots or large yards.

 

Characteristics of Petiolate Fig Leaf

Ficus petiolaris Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/tereka

The leaves are heart-shaped, bright green, with whitish hairs.

 

Characteristics of Petiolate Fig Fruit

Ficus petiolaris Fruit
Source: inaturalist.org/pioleon

The fruit is green and round.

 

Characteristics of Petiolate Fig Tree

Ficus petiolaris Tree
Source: inaturalist.org/agroservicios

Petiolate Fig can grow into a tree up to 30 meters high in the wild, but in cultivation, it is usually only 8-10 meters tall. The stems have a greenish or yellowish color.

USES OF PETIOLATE FIG:

  • In Mexico, Petiolate Fig is recommended for fighting intestinal parasites, herpes, coughs, spleen stones, for regulating menstruation, and healing broken bones.
  • In Sonora, Petiolate Fig is used to treat goiter, chest pain, phlegm, sores, and ulcers.
  • In Morelos, Petiolate Fig is used to relieve fever.
  • In Michoacán, Petiolate Fig is used against cutaneous hepatitis.

 

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