Characteristics of Fiddle-leaf Fig Tree (Ficus lyrata) in the Wild

Ficus lyrata
Fiddle-leaf Fig or Kimunding (Ficus lyrata) is a broadleaf tree species native to West Africa, from western Cameroon to Sierra Leone, where it grows in lowland tropical rain forests. It can reach 15 meters in height in the wild.

The fiddle-leaf fig is an ornamental tree that is popular in subtropical and tropical gardens and is also grown as a potted plant or home garden in temperate climates, where it usually grows shorter and does not flower or bear fruit.

This tree requires indirect natural light and withstands temperatures up to 10 °C, so it can be placed outside during warm periods.

Fiddle-leaf figs are very common in interior decoration like the ones we see in pictures of indoor plants on the internet. This tree cannot stand continuously indoors. It still needs sunlight and wind to keep it photosynthetic and fresh.

 

Characteristics of Fiddle-leaf Fig

Ficus lyrata Leaf
Source: flickr.com/Robert Woodman

The shape of the leaves varies, but often with a wide peak and narrow center, resembling a lute or fiddle. Up to 45 cm long and 30 cm wide (although usually smaller) with a rough texture, prominent veins, and wavy edges.

 

Characteristics of Fiddle-leaf Fig Fruit

Ficus lyrata Fruit
Source: flickr.com/Mauricio Mercadante

The fruit is fig green with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm.

 

Characteristics of Fiddle-leaf Fig Tree

Ficus lyrata Tree
Source: flickr.com/Forest and Kim Starr

In the wild, the Fiddle-leaf Fig tree thrives in lowland tropical rain forests. It likes adequate sunshine and well-draining soil.

The Fiddle-leaf Fig has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

 

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