Characteristicss of Burmese Banyan (Ficus kurzii) in the Wild

Ficus kurzii
The Burmese banyan or 滇缅榕 (Ficus kurzii) is a species of fig tree native to Asia in the family Moraceae. The area of ​​origin is South China, Indochina, and Malaysia. This species can also be found in Vietnam, where it is often called “Kurz”.

The Burmese banyan is often confused with the Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina).

Although this tree has roots that damage the surrounding area, it is often planted as a shade tree in gardens and as an ornamental plant in pots.


Characteristicss of Burmese Banyan Leaf

Ficus kurzii Leaf
Source: Ng

The leaves are leathery, spirally arranged, elliptical to oval, measuring 4-12 cm long and 1.5-5.5 cm wide.


Characteristicss of Burmese Banyan Fruit

Ficus kurzii Fruit
Source: Ng

The fruit is paired, appears in the leaf axils, subglobose, 1-2 cm in diameter. Ripe fruit is dark red, purple, or black.


Characteristicss of Burmese Banyan Tree

Ficus kurzii Tree
Source: @ Singapore Botanic Gardens

The Burmese banyan can grow into a large tree, up to 30 meters in height and more than its height. The stems are whitish-gray and measure up to 2 meters in diameter with numerous aerial roots that join the main stem to support the canopy. It grows best in a deep soil and at an altitude of 0-500 m asl.

This tree is often taken from the wild as a bonsai subject in Southeast Asia.


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