Characteristics of Cedar Fig Tree (Ficus henneana) in the Wild

Ficus henneana
Cedar Fig or Deciduous Fig (Ficus henneana) is a species of strangling fig tree native to Australia. Its distribution stretches from Milton, New South Wales, Queensland, and the Northern Territory. The habitat is rivers, coasts, or drier rainforests.

Ficus henneana is named after Diedrich Henne, who collected this tree on Booby Island in the Torres Strait in 1861. In 1868 it was named Ficus henneana. Joseph Banks also collected this tree from Booby Island on August 23, 1770. The specimen may have come from the same tree as the Henne specimen (because the island is very small).

This Cedar Fig has other scientific names, such as Ficus gracilipes, Ficus pritzelii, and Urostigma superbum.


Characteristics of Cedar Fig Leaf

Ficus henneana Leaf
Source: & Fauna of the Mid North Coast of NSW

The leaves are alternate, simple, oval, or elliptical, 8-12 cm long and 2-5 cm wide. Most of the leaves with a short blunt tip, and are rounded at the base or heart-shaped.


Characteristics of Cedar Fig Fruit

Ficus henneana Fruit
Source: & Fauna of the Mid North Coast of NSW

The ripe fruit is purplish with pink dots, round, and about 25 mm in diameter.


Characteristics of Cedar Fig Tree

Ficus henneana Tree
Source: & Fauna of the Mid North Coast of NSW

Cedar Fig is a semi-deciduous tree, it can grow into a large tree with a height of 35 meters in the best locations. However, it will form a low, broad shrub if it grows on open rocky slopes. Like most other strangling fig-trees, the Cedar Fig also grows hemi-epiphytes.

The bark is gray or reddish-brown. The bark is rough, scaly, and has cracks and vertical protrusions. All parts of the cedar fig will secrete a milky white sap when injured.


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