Characteristics of Mysore Fig Tree (Ficus drupacea) in the Wild

Ficus drupacea
Mysore fig or Brown-woolly fig (Ficus drupacea) is a species of a fig tree in the family Moraceae. This tree is native to China, India, Indochina, Nepal, the Philippines, and northeastern Australia.

Outside of its native range, the Mysore fig can be found as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens in many places, including Spain, although it is not a very common species.

In various countries, Ficus drupacea is called by different local names, for example in Spain it is called Higuera de Mysore, and in China, it is called 枕果榕.

There are several recorded varieties of Ficus drupacea, including:

  • Ficus drupacea var. auranticarpa
  • Ficus drupacea var. drupacea
  • Ficus drupacea var. glabrata
  • Ficus drupacea var. pedicellata
  • Ficus drupacea var. pubescens
  • Ficus drupacea var. subrepanda

 

Characteristics of Mysore Fig Leaf

Ficus drupacea Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/gustavorodzpr

The leaves are large, 10-25 cm long and 5-10 cm wide, ovate or elliptical in shape, and have a pointed apex. They have between 12-15 pairs of prominent nerves, mainly on the underside. The petiole is between 1-4 cm long.

 

Characteristics of Mysore Fig

Ficus drupacea Fruit
Source: inaturalist.org/gustavorodzpr

The fruits are called Sycones, as in all ficuses, arranged solitary or in pairs in the axils of the leaves, not in the form of bunches, they are sessile, that is, do not have a stalk that is in other species. They are 4.5 x 2.5 cm in diameter, glabrous, and orange in color, turning dark purple when ripe.

 

Characteristics of Mysore Fig Tree

Ficus drupacea Tree
Source: inaturalist.org/gustavorodzpr

Mysore fig grows as an evergreen tree and reaches 15 meters in height. Unlike most Ficuses, the Mysore fig has almost no aerial roots. The bark has a light grayish hue and a smooth surface.

Ficus drupacea was first described by the botanist Carl Peter Thunberg, a student of Linnaeus, in his work: Ficus genus, dissertatione botanica (1786).

 

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