Characteristics of Wimba Tree (Ficus citrifolia) in the Wild

Ficus citrifolia
The Wimba or Shortleaf fig (Ficus citrifolia) is a species of banyan native to southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and northern South America to Paraguay. This tree is distinguished from the closely related Florida strangulation fig (Ficus aurea).

Wimba trees begin their life as hitchhiking (epiphytes) on other trees, a strategy that allows them to avoid competition for light and land. After growing up, they would strangle him and kill the tree he was sitting on.

The Wimba tree has a mutualistic relationship with its pollinating agaonid wasp. Agaonid wasps have a symbiotic relationship with figs so that certain agaonid species act as pollinators for only one fig species, and certain fig species are pollinated by only one wasp species.

Wimba trees are pollinated by P. assuetus. After pollination, figs ripen quickly. Figs bear a lot of fruit, one tree can produce up to 1,000,000 fruits 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Wimba fruit tends to have a laxative effect on the digestive system of many animals, the ripe fruit is eaten and the seeds are widely dispersed through feces.

The Wimba tree is considered a key tropical species. The fruit is a major component of the diet of animal species because it produces more fruit than other tropical fruits. Wimba trees also bear fruit throughout the year and many primates such as birds and other species, eat their fruit. In addition, the dense tree canopy provides a home for thousands of invertebrates, rodents, bats, birds, and reptiles.


Characteristics of Wimba Leaf

Ficus citrifolia Leaf

Leaves oblong, 12-22 cm long and 4.5-9 cm wide, tapering at the apex, subcordate, rounded to thin at the base, glabrous, smooth, stiff like a chart, and dark brown when dry, with 8-13 pairs of secondary nerves, connect and form the submarginal collecting nerve, the tertiary nerve is distinct. Petiole 2-8 cm long, stipules 1-1.5 cm, and glabrous.


Characteristics of Wimba Fruit

Ficus citrifolia Fruit

The fruit appears at the end of a long stalk that protrudes from the leaf axils. The fruit is yellow to dark red when ripe. This fruit is sweet and can be eaten fresh.


Characteristics of Wimba Tree

Ficus citrifolia Tree

The common Wimba tree grows to a height of 15 meters, and the canopy is very wide. They also have aerial roots where when they hit the ground, they grow like the trunk of the parent tree, and over time will merge with their original parent trunk.

Young branches glabrous, yellowish-brown to brown, with red flaking epidermis. The bark of the old trunk is light gray, and like most Ficus species, they have a milky sap.


Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.