Characteristics of Mulungu Tree (Erythrina mulungu) in the Wild

Erythrina mulungu
Mulungu is a species of flowering tree that originated in Brazil. This tree is widely planted as an ornamental tree in the tropics and subtropics, it is also used in traditional South American medicine, especially in Brazil.

People in Brazil and some surrounding areas call mulungu trees with local names such as Murungú, Mulungu-coral, Molungo, Amansa-senhor, Capa-homem, Canivete, Corticeira, Bico-de-papagaio, Erythrina, Sapatinho-de-judeu, and Sananduva e mulungú-suinã.

Tinctures and decoctions made from the leaves or bark of mulungu trees are often used in traditional medicine as a sedative, overcoming excessive nervousness, lowering blood pressure, insomnia, and depression.

The active compounds of mulungu tree extract are tetrahydro-isoquinoline and erythravine alkaloids and (+) – 11α-hydroxy-erythravine.

Modern research shows that mulungu trees have sedative, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant properties.

Several other species of the Erythrina tree are also used by people in the Amazon as natural medicines, insecticides, and fish poisons.


Characteristics of the Mulungu Leaf

Erythrina mulungu Leaf
Source : Mercadante

The mulungu tree has broad, leafy leaves and creates a dome-like canopy.


Characteristics of Mulungu Flower

Erythrina mulungu Flower
Source : Silva Bruns

Mulungu is a beautiful large tree, especially when the flowers bloom. It is also often planted in the yard of the house, city parks, and open land to enjoy its beauty.


Characteristics of the Mulungu Fruit

Erythrina mulungu Fruit
Source :

The seeds in mulungu fruit are dark orange and very poisonous.

WARNING: Consuming these seeds directly must be avoided because they can cause death.


Characteristics of Mulungu Tree

Erythrina mulungu Tree
Source :

The mulungu tree is endemic in Brazil, it is easily found in Cerrado, Amazon, and Atlantic Forests. The tree is often grown in the form of thorny shrubs or trees with low crowns, generally high in the wild is 10-15 meters. The stems are gummy, and the ducting is tight.


To cultivate mulungu trees, farmers in Brazil use the seedlings.

The poisonous mulungu seeds are planted in sandy soil with a neutral, slightly moist pH content. The seeds will germinate 2-3 weeks after sowing.


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