Characteristics of Ajan Kelicung Tree (Diospyros macrophylla) in the Wild

Diospyros macrophylla
Ajan Kelicung or Ajang Kelicung (Diospyros macrophylla) is a tree species endemic to Indonesia, to be precise in West Nusa Tenggara. In NTB, this tree is known as Kayu Kelicung or Kelicung.

The ajan kelicung tree is included in the flowering plant of the genus Diospyros, which means that it is related to the Oriental Persimmon tree (Diospyros kaki).

Apart from Diospyros macrophylla, the ajan kelicung arena tree also has several other scientific synonyms, namely:

  • Diospyros cystopus
  • Diospyros pachycalyx
  • Diospyros cystopus
  • Diospyros suluensis

HISTORY OF THE AJAN KELICUNG TREE

As a native Indonesian flora, the ajan kelicung tree was once used as an image on sticky stamps in Indonesia.

This plant is also used as an identity plant from West Nusa Tenggara Province.

 
However, it is very unfortunate that the ajan kelicung tree in NTB is currently threatened with extinction due to forest destruction.

Previously, the ajan kelicung tree grew wild in the forests on the islands of Lombok and Sumbawa. However, ongoing illegal logging causes the population of the ajan kelicung tree to shrink.

Coupled with the very slow growth of this tree, it has resulted in a decline in the population of the ajan kelicung tree in the wild.

Ajan kelicung wood is classified as high-quality wood and has a commensurate economic value, making it one of the trees most frequently cut down for timber.

The habitat of the ajan kelicung tree is a cool area with flat soil such as a river or swamp. This tree can also live in clay, sandy soils, and rocky soils in primary forests.

The distribution of the ajan kelicung tree to almost all major islands in Indonesia, including Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua. In the area of origin, NTB, this tree grows at an altitude of 5-800 m above sea level.

 

Characteristics of Ajan Kelicung Leaf

Diospyros macrophylla Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/fabisho

The leaves are single, elliptical, 30-35 cm long, 15-19 cm wide, and each stalk has one leaf. The surface of the leaves is green and the bottom has fine hairs.

 

Characteristics of Ajan Kelicung Flower

Diospyros macrophylla Flower
Source: panennews.com

The flowers are white and smell nice. The tree will flower every April to October.

 

Characteristics of Ajan Kelicung Fruit

Diospyros macrophylla Fruit
Source: inaturalist.org/fabisho

The fruit is round like a persimmon and is orange to red when ripe.

 

Characteristics of Ajan Kelicung Tree

Diospyros macrophylla Tree
Source: balitbangtek-hhbk.org

The ajan kelicung tree can grow to a height of 35-40 meters. The bark is reddish-brown and the inside of the wood is white.

The tree is often branched, each branch can reach a length of between 9-20 meters. The lowest stems can reach a diameter of up to 1-1.5 meters. This tree grows very slowly, it is known that it only grows ½ centimeter a year.

 
BENEFITS OF THE AJAN KELICUNG TREE

The ajan kelicung tree is often used by its strong and durable wood to make various furniture and constructions such as chairs, tables, cabinets, windows, doors, even bridges, and boats.

The people of NTB and wood artists make use of the ajan kelicung wood to make various handicrafts such as sculptures and carvings.

 

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