Characteristics of Mempat Tree (Cratoxylum formosum) in the Wild

Cratoxylum formosum
Mempat or Gerunggang (Cratoxylum formosum) is a tree from the Hyperiaceae family. This tree can grow to a height of 40-45 meters and a trunk with a diameter of 65 cm. Its distribution includes Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

The mempat tree also produces beautiful flowers that appear in summer which makes it one of the trees of choice to be planted on the side of the road or a large yard.

 

Characteristics of Mempat Leaf

Cratoxylum formosum Leaf
Source: phytoimages.siu.edu

The leaves are long-stemmed which are usually narrow to wide oval, 15-18 cm long, and 6-8 cm wide. The young leaves are reddish and turn green when they are old.

 

Characteristics of Mempat Flower

Cratoxylum formosum Flower
Source: flickr.com/Wee Foong Ang

The flower consists of a pink hue and is fragrant. Flower buds appear every July. Then it collapsed in October.

 

Characteristics of Mempat Fruit

Cratoxylum formosum Fruit
Source: qsbg.org

The fruit is ellipsoid, dark brown, 10-19 mm long, and 4-6 mm in diameter. The fruit will open into thirds when it is ripe to release seeds.

Brownish seeds are elongated droplets, 6-7 mm long and 3 mm in diameter, each fruit-producing several seeds.

 

Characteristics of Mempat Tree

Cratoxylum formosum Tree
Source: solehahshamsuddin.blogspot.com

Mempat is a medium to large tree that can be found reaching heights of more than 40 meters in the wild and less than 15 if planted in the yard (due to pruning factors).

 

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