Characteristics of Boxwood Trees (Buxus sp.) in the Wild

Buxus sempervirens
Boxwood or Boksus is a plant genus that has around 70 species in the Buxaceae family, native to western and southern Europe, south and east Asia, Africa, Madagascar, northern South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Most buxus species originate from Europe and some from Asia are tolerant of snowy cold weather.

According to Wikipedia records, there are about 30 species in Cuba, 17 species in China, and 9 species of Madagascar.

The genus Buxus itself is divided into three genetically distinct parts, each part in a different region, with Eurasian species in one part, Africa (except northwest Africa), and Madagascar species in the second part, and American species in the third part. Parts of Africa and America are genetically closer to each other than parts of Eurasia.

 

Characteristics of Boxwood Leaf

Buxus sempervirens Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Phillip Merritt

The leaves grow opposite, small, lanceolate, and rough. Most species, usually have leaves 2-5 cm long and 0.3-2.5 cm wide, but some are up to 11 cm long and 5 cm wide.

 

Characteristics of Boxwood Flower

Buxus sempervirens Flower
Source : flickr.com/L’herbier en photos

The flowers are small and greenish-yellow, monoecious with two sexes, there is one tree.

 

Characteristics of Boxwood Fruit

Buxus sempervirens Fruit
Source : flickr.com/Andgelo Mombert

The fruit is small, oval with a length between 0.5-3 cm, and contains several seeds.

 

Characteristics of a Boxwood Tree

Buxus sempervirens Tree
Source : flickr.com/naturgucker.de

Boxwood usually grows as a small tree that grows slowly, it can reach heights of 10-12 meters in the wild.

In Europe, Boxwood trees are usually planted as fences and for topiaries.

Boxwood trees also have good quality and durable wood, the wood is often used as carvings, musical instruments, rosary beads, chess boards, and photo frames.

 

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