Characteristics of Gandaria Tree (Bouea macrophylla) in the Wild

Bouea macrophylla
Gandaria or Plum Mango is a fruiting plant species from the Anacardiaceae family, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, Thailand, and Laos.

The gandaria tree is cultivated commercially in Southeast Asia as an ornamental tree. Young leaves and fruit can be eaten fresh or processed into food. This tree can also be used as a shade plant in the yard of the house or garden because it can grow shady and dense leaves.

In Thailand, the gandaria tree is known as Maphrang, in Burma Mayan-thi, in Vietnam Thanh trĂ , and in Java, it is known as Jatake.


Characteristics of Gandaria Leaf

Bouea macrophylla Leaf
Source : Yi Shuen

The leaves are lanceolate, ranging from 30-45 cm in length and 5-7 cm in width.


Characteristics of Gandaria Fruit

Bouea macrophylla Fruit
Source :

Gandaria fruit is green when it is still raw and when ripe becomes orange or yellow, 3-5 cm in diameter, and has pink seeds. Gandaria fruit tastes sweet a little sour.

In Indonesia, the gandaria tree flowers from June to November, and the fruit appears from March to June.

Bouea macrophylla Flower
Source :


Characteristics of Gandaria Tree

Bouea macrophylla Tree
Source :

The gandaria tree can grow to a height of 25 meters and a trunk circumference of up to 60 cm. From a distance, the tree looks like a mango tree, big leaves, thick, and the trunk is straight.

In the wild, the gandaria tree occupies a shady area, it is usually found in forests on river banks or swamps, although its presence is now rare in the wild (rare).


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