Characteristics of Chinese-laurel Tree (Antidesma bunius) in the Wild

Antidesma bunius
Chinese-laurel or Bignay is a species of fruit tree in the family Phyllanthaceae, native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia.

In international and English-speaking countries, Chinese-laurel trees are called by various names such as Bignay, Chinese-laurel, Queensland-cherry, Salamander-tree, and Wild cherry.

This tree used to grow a lot in gardens and secondary forests throughout the mainland of Indonesia, but now its existence has faded and large trees in the wild are almost hard to find.

Apart from being a producer of edible fruit, this tree is also used as a wood building material. For this reason, since ancient times many large Chinese-laurel trees have been cut down continuously, and now they have been listed as rare trees in their habitat, Indonesia.

 

Characteristics of Chinese-laurel Leaf

Antidesma bunius Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Carmen Paix√£o

The leaves are large, about 15-20 cm long and 7-10 cm wide. The leaves grow on tree branches with short leaf stems and create a dense canopy.

 

Characteristics of Chinese-laurel Flower

Antidesma bunius Flower
Source : flickr.com/Black Diamond Images

The flowers have a strong and rather unpleasant aroma. Male flowers grow in small bunches and female flowers grow in long bunches that will become fruit.

 

Characteristics of Chinese-laurel Fruit

Antidesma bunius Fruit
Source : flickr.com/Cerlin Ng

Chinese-laurel fruit is small in size, about 1 cm in diameter or less. Appears in bunches and hordes. Young fruits are green, and when they are ripe they turn red, then when they are ripe, they turn blackish purple. The fruit has a slightly sour-sweet taste, and the fruit is most often used to make wine, tea, jam, and jelly.

Each Chinese-laurel fruit bunch is ripe unevenly, so the fruit in the bunch all has a different color.

 

Characteristics of Chinese-laurel Tree

Antidesma bunius Tree
Source : jatinangor.itb.ac.id

Chinese-laurel tree is classified as variable, it can grow short and dense or tall upright. In many places in the wild, this tree is often found growing as high as 30-35 meters.

At present Chinese-laurel trees are being cultivated in various tropical regions, especially Southeast Asia.

 

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