Characteristics of Melaleuca Mistletoe Tree (Amyema gaudichaudii) in the Wild

Amyema gaudichaudii
Melaleuca mistletoe (Amyema gaudichaudii) is a plant species endemic to eastern Australia. Like other mistletoes, this plant grows as a woody shrub. The leaves are relatively small, wedge-shaped, and the flowers are deep red arranged in groups of three.

This tree only grows in forests and swamp forests. It grows naturally in the western Darling Downs and New South Wales in the coastal areas between the Hunter and Illawarra districts.

This mistletoe was first formally described in 1830 by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, who gave him the name Loranthus gaudichaudii and published his description in Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis. In 1895, French botanist Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem changed his name to Amyema gaudichaudii.

 

Characteristics of Melaleuca Mistletoe Leaf

Amyema gaudichaudii Leaf
Source: inaturalist.org/gtaseski

The leaves of melaleuca mistletoe are wedge-shaped 2-4 cm long, 2-6 mm wide, tapering to a petiole 2-4 mm long, and with a rounded tip.

 

Characteristics of Melaleuca Mistletoe Flower

Amyema gaudichaudii Flower
Source: flickr.com/RuthP

The flowers are arranged in groups of three, with flower stalks 6-12 mm long. The flower at the end has a stalk or pedicel 2-4 mm long but the flower in the middle does not have a stalk. There are four or five deep red petals 7-10 mm long with a stick-like tip. The flowers appear mostly in summer and are followed by fruit.

 

Characteristics of Melaleuca Mistletoe Fruit

Amyema gaudichaudii Fruit
Source: flickr.com/Tony Markham

The fruit of melaleuca mistletoe is almost round, red, about 4 mm in diameter.

 

Characteristics of Melaleuca Mistletoe Tree

Amyema gaudichaudii Tree
Source: northqueenslandplants.com

The melaleuca mistletoe tree grows as a large shrub with willow-like foliage on mature specimens.

 

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