Characteristics of Aglonema Plant (Aglaonema sp.) in the Wild

Aglaonema
Aglaonema is a genus of ornamental leaf plants in the Araceae family, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and New Guinea. In Indonesia, they are known as Sri Rejeki or Aglonema.

Aglaonema was believed to be a lucky ornamental plant in Asia for centuries and was introduced to the West in 1885. When Aglaonema was first brought to the Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew), it was cultivated, hybridized, and bred into a variety of cultivars.

The NASA Clean Air Study states that Aglaonema is effective at removing airborne toxins (formaldehyde and benzene), and many botanists recommend this plant to be grown at home.

 

Characteristics of Aglaonema Leaf

Aglaonema commutatum Leaf
Source : flickr.com/Jake Teo

The leaves are broad and have a variety of shapes, ribs, and shades, ranging from silver, yellowish, green, orange, pink, and red.

 

Characteristics of Aglaonema Flower

Aglaonema commutatum Flower
Source : flickr.com/Keith Bradley

The flowers are unisexual and appear in the peduncle. Female flowers appear near the base and male flowers stick up more.

 

Characteristics of Aglaonema Fruit

Aglaonema commutatum Fruit
Source : flickr.com/Jake Teo

The fruit is berry-like, fleshy, and red when ripe. The fruit is a thin layer covering one large seed.

 

Characteristics of Aglaonema Plants

Aglaonema commutatum Plant
Source : flickr.com/Reuben C. J. Lim

Aglaonema grows as a low, perennial plant with upright or lying stems and creeping (depending on the species). Stems growing at ground level can take root at the knot.

Aglaonema grows well in low light conditions and is a popular indoor houseplant.

 
HOW TO CULTIVATE AGLAONEMA PLANTS:

To cultivate Aglaonema plants can be done by cuttings and by dividing the shoots. Care for this plant is very simple, just protect it from cold temperatures and excessive sunlight.

For Aglaonema to thrive, it needs moist soil and a little fertilizer (this plant is easily injured if given excessive fertilizer).

 
LIST OF AGLAONEMA SPECIES:

    Aglaonema brevispathum – Indochina

    Aglaonema chermsiriwattanae – Thailand

    Aglaonema cochinchense – Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia

    Aglaonema commutatum – Philippines, Sulawesi

    Aglaonema cordifolium – Mindanao

    Aglaonema costatum – Langkawi Island, Indochina

    Aglaonema densinervium – Philippines, Sulawesi

    Aglaonema flemingianum – Terengganu

    Aglaonema hookerianum – Darjiling, Assam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar

    Aglaonema marantifolium – Maluku, New Guinea

    Aglaonema modestum – Bangladesh, Indochina, southern China

    Aglaonema nebulosum – Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra

    Aglaonema nitidum – Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Indochina

    Aglaonema ovatum – Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

    Aglaonema philippinense – Philippines, Sulawesi

    Aglaonema pictum – Nias, Sumatra

    Aglaonema pumilum – Myanmar, Thailand

    Aglaonema roebelinii – Luzon

    Aglaonema rotundum – Sumatra

    Aglaonema simplex – Yunnan, Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines

    Aglaonema tricolor – Philippines

    Aglaonema vittatum – Sumatra, Lingga Islands

 

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