Characteristics of Chinese Gooseberry Tree (Actinidia deliciosa) in the Wild

Actinidia deliciosa
The Chinese Gooseberry or Kiwifruit is a tree native to southern China, the fruit of which has been declared the country’s national fruit. Apart from China, the Chinese Gooseberry tree is also found growing in Japan and eastern Russia.

The Chinese Gooseberry tree grows naturally at an altitude between 600 to 2,000 m above sea level. The tree is strong and can grow as high as 10 meters in the wild.

In China, Chinese Gooseberry trees occupy mountainous regions in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and Sichuan.

In 2016, Chinese Gooseberry production in the world reached 4.3 million tonnes, led by China with 56% of the total, followed by Italy and New Zealand in second and third positions.

 

Characteristics of Chinese Gooseberry Leaf

Actinidia deliciosa Leaf
Source : flickr.com/michele 69600

The leaves are oval almost round and 8-12 cm long. Young leaves are coated with reddish fine hairs, while adult leaves are dark green and hairless.

 

Characteristics of Chinese Gooseberry Flower

Actinidia deliciosa Flower
Source : flickr.com/yamabito

Chinese Gooseberry flowers are initially white, then turn yellowish, about 3-5 cm in size.

 

Characteristics of Chinese Gooseberry Fruit

Actinidia deliciosa Fruit
Source : flickr.com/UBC Botanical Garden

Chinese Gooseberry can reach 5-6 cm long. The fruit skin is brown with fine hair. The color of the flesh is bright green or yellowish, runny, and delicious.

 

Characteristics of the Chinese Gooseberry Tree

Actinidia deliciosa Tree
Source : flickr.com/Forest and Kim Starr

Chinese Gooseberry tree grows in several locations in China, it can reach 12 meters high. The tree is a deciduous tree that will shed its leaves in winter and re-emerge in spring.

The widely known Chinese Gooseberry cultivar is Actinidia deliciosa ‘Hayward’ which was developed by Hayward Wright in Avondale, New Zealand, around 1924. It is the most widely cultivated Chinese Gooseberry tree cultivar in the whole world.

 

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