16 Plants Containing Narcotics Substances

16 Plants Containing Narcotics Substances
After further research and several plants have been recorded to contain certain substances that can be used by humans, now many plants are hunted for their side effects.

Many plants contain extraordinary chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites. These chemicals often function to prevent herbivores and other disorders in the wild.

Interestingly, many of these plant substances are actually used for certain purposes, ranging from pharmacy to opium.

Well, here is a list of extraordinary plants that affect the brain and the mental state of humans who consume them.

WARNING: This article was created only for information and knowledge purposes. You have to be wise with it.

 

 

1. Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum)

Papaver somniferum
Source : flickr.com/manuel m. v.

Opium Poppy is a beautiful flowering plant that originated in Turkey and is a popular ornamental plant in the United States.

But, when the opium is cut, they will secrete white sap like milk which is a source of raw opium and can be processed into morphine, codeine, and heroin.

After drying the sap from the poppy is processed to make it a pain reliever, pharmaceuticals, and as a relaxing opiate that can provide a sensation of euphoria and hallucinations.

 

2. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa)

Cannabis sativa
Source : flickr.com/manuel m. v.

Marijuana is a plant that grows naturally almost all over the world, it is probably the most psychoactive plant.

Known for its leaf characteristics, this plant is often used in religious practices in India and Africa, and is sometimes used illegally in the United States and Europe.

The active ingredient contained in cannabis plant parts is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and the part of the tree that contains the most is the female flower buds.

Illegal use of cannabis is generally by drying leaves or flowers which are then crushed and put into pipes or shaped into cigarettes, but cannabis can also be added to food and drink mixtures.

Psychological effects due to consuming THC from cannabis, users tend to experience mild euphoria and changes in vision (shortsighted).

While the effects that arise on the physical use of marijuana include: blushing eyes, dryness of the mouth and throat, a moderate increase in heart rate, shortness of breath, drowsiness, and instability.

If excessive doses of cannabis can result in users feeling visual hallucinations, anxiety, depression, paranoid reactions, and psychosis that last for 4-6 hours.

 

3. Salvia (Salvia divinorum)

Salvia divinorum
Source : flickr.com/Jardín Botánico Nacional

As a member of the Mint plant family, Salvia has become one of the popular plants because it is used as an opiate by the American singer, Miley Cyrus.

Salvia divinorum is a plant native to Mexico, it has been used by users to achieve the sensation of loss of consciousness, lack of vision, and changing self-perception.

Salvia is currently a legal status in the United Kingdom and the United States.

 

4. Peyote (Lophophora williamsii)

Lophophora williamsii
Source : flickr.com/Alonso Cortés-Pérez

Peyote is a small cactus plant that is only found in the Chihuahuan Desert in southern Texas and northern Mexico.

Peyote, like most other natural hallucinogenic opiates, does not make the user addicted.

It is known that this mini cactus plant contains mescaline alkaloids. Side effects arising from users are visual hallucinations, and if excessive users will experience nausea and vomiting.

 

5. Ayahuasca (Banisteriopsis caapi)

Banisteriopsis caapi
Source : flickr.com/André Cardoso

Ayahuasca is a South American wine that is used as the main raw material for making psychoactive drinks. Culturally, this plant is important for the Amazon community.

Drinks extracted from this plant are increasingly popular with tourists looking for liquor, especially in Peru.

Ayahuasca is said to produce an uplifting and joyful effect. However, some users experience significant psychological pressure under the influence of the drug, and a number of deaths have been reported as a result of consuming too much of the Ayahuasca drink.

 

6. Areca Palm (Areca catechu)

Areca catechu
Source : flickr.com/Cerlin Ng

Although unknown in the West, chewing betel leaf (Piper betle) and areca nut (Areca catechu) are habits that are estimated to be carried out by almost one-tenth of the world’s human population.

Betel leaf is considered the fourth most common psychoactive drug (after nicotine, alcohol, and caffeine).

Its use is by chewing, a small piece of betel nut in a betel leaf package along with lime (calcium hydroxide).

Chewing betel nuts and betel leaves can release a number of addictive alkaloids contained in areca nut, and cause a mild euphoria for the user.

Although a lot of people do it because of cultural traditions in Asia, chewing betel nut and betel leaf is associated with causing serious health problems, especially mouth and throat cancer, and is a serious concern for the world health agency, WHO.

 

7. Amethyst (Datura stramonium)

Datura stramonium
Source : flickr.com/Michiel Thomas

Amethyst grows in much of Asia, and North and South America. This is a perennial plant that has white tubular flowers mixed with striking blue or purple and has thorny green fruit.

Amethyst leaves and fruit seeds contain strong alkaloids (hyoscamine and hyoscine) which can cause hallucinations.

It is used ceremonially by a number of indigenous peoples, amethysts act as delirians and can produce intense spiritual vision.

The use of substances contained in the amethyst for hallucinations can have a terrible effect because of the paranoid effect under its influence which can be prolonged and worsen with blurred vision when used excessively.

The use of amethyst is very dangerous and has been avoided by European connoisseurs in Asia because many victims have overdosed or even died.

 

8. Coca (Erythroxylum coca)

Erythroxylum coca
Source : flickr.com/Lotus-Salvinia.de

Coca is a shrub-shaped plant native to certain regions in Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador.

Coca leaf contains alkaloid cocaine and has been used for centuries by Peruvians and Bolivians for pleasure, hard work, hunger, and thirst.

The leaves can also be processed into powder and then smoked or consumed raw. When ingested in small amounts, coca produces a feeling of euphoria along with decreased appetite, calmness, comfort, and increased mental alertness.

When consumed in excessive amounts, coca produces the effects of depression, anxiety, irritability, insomnia, chronic fatigue, confusion, and convulsions.

 

9. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa)

Mitragyna speciosa
Source : westborneokratom.com

Initially, some local residents in Indonesia used kratom leaves to deal with chronic pain, but recently it was used for the purpose of creating a relaxing and hallucinating effect.

After investigation, kratom leaves contain about 60% of mitragynine from alkaloid extraction, and about 2% 7-hydroxymitragynine.

The use of kratom leaves is the same as cannabis and tobacco, namely by drying and destroying the dried leaves to be smoked as cigarettes.

The reaction from sucking kratom leaves starts in 10-20 minutes, the effect lasts for 2-5 hours.

Side effects caused by sucking kratom leaves are nausea, vomiting, and constipation. More severe effects may be depression, weakened heartbeat, respiratory distress, high blood pressure, insomnia, liver poisoning, seizures, and psychosis.

 

10. Mushroom (Psilocybe cubensis)

Psilocybe cubensis
Source : flickr.com/djnionas

Mushroom or Magic Mushroom is a mushroom that contains psilocybin most widely known and is used to trigger psychedelic reactions after consumption. The substances contained psychoactive compounds are:

  • Psilocybin (4-phosphoryloxy-N, N-dimethyltryptamine)
  • Psilocin (4-hydroxy- N, N-dimethyltryptamine)
  • Baeocystin (4-phosphoryloxy- N-methyltryptamine)
  • Norbaeocystin (4-phosphoryloxytryptamine)

For most users, 3.5 grams of dried mushroom (1/8 ounce) is considered a high dose and can produce intense reactions to achieve hallucinations and euphoria.

The reaction effects begin to feel around 20-60 minutes after consuming it (depending on how it is consumed) and can last 4-10 hours (depending on the dose). Excessive use can create dangerous visual hallucinations, such as inanimate objects that appear to be alive.

 

11. Channa (Sceletium tortuosum)

Sceletium tortuosum
Source : flickr.com/glexus_99

Channa is a succulent plant commonly found in South Africa, it is also known by the name Kanna or Kougoed. This plant has been used by herders and hunters in South Africa as a substance producing hallucinations and euphoria in prehistoric times. Its use in moderate doses can cause excitement, but in higher doses paradoxically it causes sedation.

 

12. Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

Turnera diffusa
Source : flickr.com/Jardin Boricua

Damiana is a shrub of the Passifloraceae family, which originates from the United States, Central America, South America, South Texas, Mexico, and the Caribbean.

Original Damiana (Turnera diffusa) is difficult to distinguish from fake Damiana (Turnera ulmifolia) even if seen physically they are similar, only lab tests can distinguish the two.

The original Damiana is used in making traditional liquor in Mexico, as a substitute for Triple sec in margaritas. He also has flowers that can mix with tea to create mood swings.

 

13. Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)

Myristica fragrans
Source : flickr.com/gbohne

Nutmeg is a flora originating from Maluku, Indonesia. The tree is important because it produces fruit that can be used as a spice. This plant is widely grown in tropical regions including China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Caribbean, India, Sri Lanka, and South America.

Rarely do people who dare to consume the Nutmeg fruit raw, it is because the effects produced are quite bad, namely the feeling of excessive euphoria and severe hallucinations.

 

14. Wild Lettuce (Lactuca virosa)

Lactuca virosa
Source : flickr.com/Lyubo Gadzhev

Wild lettuce is a biennial plant that is similar to Prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) but is taller and can grow to a height of 2 meters.

Wild Lettuce is mostly from central and southern Europe but has now spread widely to various continents as a weed plant. This plant contains lactucopicrin and lactucine substances contained in the stem. These substances have almost the same performance as opium and haven’t known what are the worst side effects of taking them.

In South America, this plant is nicknamed “the poor man’s opium.”

 

15. Blue Lotus (Nymphaea caerulea)

Nymphaea caerulea
Source : flickr.com/annsofic

Blue lotus is a water plant in the genus Nymphaea. Like other species in the genus, this plant contains a psychoactive aporphine alkaloid that has been known since the Ancient Egyptian civilization.

Its original habitat is estimated along the Nile and other parts of East Africa. Blue lotus is widespread since ancient times, including the Indian subcontinent and Thailand.

Blue lotus has been used as a plant to create a sense of calm (sedation) since ancient times and is used by the Maya and the ancient Egyptians.

 

16. Hawaiian Baby Woodrose (Argyreia nervosa)

Argyreia nervosa
Source : flickr.com/Ben Caledonia

Hawaiian Baby Woodrose is a vine native to the Indian continent and has been introduced to various regions throughout the world, including Hawaii, Africa, and the Caribbean. The tree is highly valued for its aesthetic value and medicinal properties.

The tree contains various ergoline alkaloid substances such as ergine. A study reports that ergine stereoisomers can be found in Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds at concentrations of 0.325% of dry weight. A recent study reported the presence of ergometrine, lysergol, lysergic acid, and other alkaloids which contribute to its pharmacological effects.

Non-pharmaceutical uses for opium people say one Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seed is equivalent to 2-3 pieces of cannabis leaves. That means the seeds of this plant have the same effect as cannabis, namely hallucinations, and euphoria. But, some users also experience nausea and headaches due to consuming too much.

Above are a series of plants that contain narcotics equivalent substances and are already popular in the world. Beyond that, there may still be a lot of plants that have not been tested by labs and contain narcotic compounds.

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